Can Wet Wrap Therapy Help Severe Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Flares?

Wet wrap treatment may be quite helpful in relieving the itching and suffering associated with eczema flares by rehydrating and soothing the skin and enhancing the efficacy of topical drugs. Fabric wraps are dipped in water and then applied to the skin. Professionally educated nurses create and apply face bandages using gauze and surgical netting.

After cleansing, moisturizing and administering any necessary medicine, a wet wrap may be applied for maximum benefit. For the wet layer, put on clean, preferably white cotton clothes, cotton wrap dressing, or gauze from a roll; for the dry layer, put on pajamas or a sweat suit. Cotton gloves or stockings may be used as the wet layer if the eczema is on the feet and hands, and vinyl gloves or food-grade plastic wrap can be used as the dry layer.

What Is Wet Wrap Therapy?

In wet wrap therapy, moist dressings rehydrate and calm the skin.

Warm water is used first to soak the gauze or cloth. After that, apply it to your skin where it's needed. In most cases, you'll want to keep it covered with a dry towel for at least a few hours, if not overnight.

It reduces irritation and itching, moisturizes dry skin, and helps other topical treatments operate more effectively.

What Triggers Eczema?

There is no known single cause of eczema. Yet, most eczema types entail a mix of genetics, the environment, a weakened skin barrier, and triggers.

Individuals with eczema have an overactive immune system that causes inflammation whenever the body is exposed to any outside or inside stimulus.

According to the research, the gene that codes for the protein filaggrin is mutated in certain people with eczema. Having a healthy outermost layer of skin is important, and this protein plays a role in keeping that layer strong. We can't have a protective layer of the skin without filaggrin, which prevents the passage of water vapor, oil, and germs. Because of this, the skin of many individuals who suffer from eczema is very dry and prone to infection.

Can Eczema Be Cured?

Eczema is a skin condition for which there is no treatment or known cure. Most individuals with eczema will have to learn to live with it long-term, which means recognising and avoiding the triggers that cause flare-ups. Fortunately, there are a variety of therapies that may help alleviate symptoms, including scratching and redness.

What is the Science Behind Wet Wraps?

Among the many advantages of wet-wrap dressings is the fact that they provide a moist, physical barrier that helps prevent −

  • For skin cooling

  • Boosting skin hydration and softness improves drug absorption.

  • Inhibiting scratching via a physical barrier

Depending on the wrap, you may use gauze, cotton, or bandages that have been dampened to make a wet wrap. The use of damp pajamas as a physical barrier is another option. Although using wet pajamas as a wet-wrap dressing seems ridiculous initially, it may be surprisingly effective.

For Whom Is Wet-Wrap Therapy Most Useful?

Those with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis benefit most from wet wrap treatment.

If you have tried prescription creams and other topical treatments without success, your doctor may recommend wet wrap therapy as an alternative to more serious therapies like biologics.

Wet wrap treatment is effective when dealing with severe episodes of atopic dermatitis. Because of its hydrating and soothing properties, it may be used to treat severe pain and itching. In either large or small regions, it performs well.

Wet wrap treatment is easy to practice at home and doesn't need a doctor's visit. Once you've treated your skin with a moisturizer and any necessary topical medicine, you may apply the dressings.

Wet wrap treatment involves using a gauze and surgical netting face wrap by a medical practitioner if the atopic dermatitis is on the face.

Water-Based Wrap Treatment for Kids

Therapeutic wet wrapping is effective for kids. It has the potential to reduce itching, weeping, and anger. If your kid's symptoms improve, they may be able to sleep better on it.

If a topical corticosteroid is used at night, your pediatrician may suggest wet treatment. Please don't do it for more than a week at the most. Moisturizer, rather than corticosteroids, will allow you to continue wet wrap treatment for a longer period if your kid enjoys the soothing effect it has on their skin and helps keep it moist and itch-free.

What Factors Contribute To An Escalation In Eczema Symptoms?

Eczema may be aggravated by a variety of factors or "triggers. These include things like wool, certain detergents, very high temperatures, and things like food allergies, asthma, and pet dander that may set off the immune system and cause problems for newborns.

As the weather becomes cold and dry, the problem worsens for most children who suffer from it. When it's hot and humid in the summer, a tiny minority of people have a tougher difficulty.

Eczema manifests itself in babies with itchy, dry, and scaly skin; redness and swelling; and tiny bumps that open and leak when touched. Most cases of eczema in newborns and young children manifest on the face, outside of the elbows, and the knees.

Eczema is most common on the hands, feet, arms, and backs of the knees in older children and adults.

Try to remember that not all scaly areas of skin have eczema. Dry patches may form on any baby's skin in the winter due to the dry air outside and inside. Sun, air conditioning, pool, and saltwater may all exacerbate dry skin in youngsters.

Dermatologists have a saying: "if it's not itchy, it's not eczema"; eczema can't be diagnosed until there is accompanying itching. Cradle cap, also known as seborrheic dermatitis, may cause a widespread rash in infants, but it is not the same as eczema. Cradle cap and eczema aren't mutually exclusive; they often appear together in the newborn period.


Wet wrapping may be an effective short-term anti-inflammatory treatment for moderate to severe eczema discomfort to soothe inflamed skin and alleviate itching. Wet wrapping is an effective eczema treatment because it increases the skin's capacity to retain moisture.

Atopic dermatitis causes dry, red, inflammatory rashes on the skin. Several people with moderate to severe eczema see significant improvement with just one wet wrapping session.

Before beginning wet wrap therapy or any other treatment, visiting a physician or dermatologist is always recommended to ensure that the treatment is safe and effective for the patient.

Updated on: 21-Mar-2023


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