Back Pain and Spinal Arthritis: All You Want to Know

Back pain could be frustrating to deal with. When it's caused by spinal arthritis, things can get even more challenging. According to recent studies, spinal arthritis is a widespread condition affecting millions worldwide. If you are also dealing with spinal arthritis, don't worry! This blog post will help you understand what spinal arthritis is and how it causes back pain. Additionally, we'll share some tips on managing your symptoms and restoring your mobility with ease. Keep reading for valuable insights into getting relief from back pain caused by spinal arthritis!

ReasonsBehindSpinal Arthritis

Acute back pain accounts for 70–80% of all cases. That's a persistent issue, and arthritis might be at fault. The pain of arthritis often manifests itself in the lower back. Spondyloarthropathies are a category of diseases that includes certain types of arthritis (meaning spinal arthritis). Spondylarthropathies are age-independent. Therefore, they may affect both young children and elderly people.

Atlanto-Pasternal Spondylarthritis

This chronic inflammatory illness mostly affects the hip joints and the tailbone joint. This disorder is also known as degenerative spondyloarthritis (sacroiliac joint).

There are two forms of axSpA

  • Nonradiographic axSpA (also known as nr-axSpA)

  • Radiographic axSpA (also known as ankylosing spondylitis, or AS)

The symptoms are the same for all of these kinds. However, they are classified differently. Radiographic axSpA may be diagnosed in part because of damage to the sacroiliac joints and spine. Nr-axSpA does not include this form of damage but may present other symptoms (MRIs).


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most typical form of the disease. Degenerative joint disease, sometimes known as "wear and tear" arthritis. In turn, this leads to degeneration and eventual separation of the cartilage that typically cushions the ends of bones at the points where they unite to form joints. Pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion in the joints are all potential outcomes of prolonged bone-on-bone contact. Facet joints, located where vertebrae come together, are affected by osteoarthritis of the spine due to the cartilage degeneration that occurs in this disorder. This may cause discomfort, further tissue damage, and the eventual formation of bony growths called spurs as a result of the movement of the bones. When these bone spurs impinge on nerves, it may be quite painful.

Disease of the spinal canal (Spinal Stenosis)

Spinal stenosis is brought on by vertebral bone growth and ligament thickening, respectively. It often coexists with osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, two additional rheumatic disorders. The spinal column may become more compressed as a result of the enlargement, putting pressure on the nerves in that location. Since the damaged nerves are involved in so many various bodily processes, the condition may cause a wide variety of symptoms in the lower body, from back pain to leg discomfort to gastrointestinal issues. Arthritis is not the only condition linked to back pain; conditions including polymyalgia rheumatic (PMR), fibromyalgia, and Paget's Bone Disease may also play a role.

Reaction-Induced Arthritis

Infections of the genitourinary system, urinary tract, or digestive tract are common precipitating factors in the onset of reactive arthritis. Inflammation is a common symptom of this disorder, and it may affect many different body parts. There may be an effect on the sacroiliac joint.

Diseases of the intestines and bowels that manifest as arthritis

Perhaps over 5 percent of those who have IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, also have this kind of arthritis. Because of the sacroiliac joint's involvement, lower back discomfort is a typical symptom of this condition.

Getting an Accurate Diagnosis

Many secondary non-serious conditions may also cause back pain, including −

  • Muscle spasms

  • muscle fractures

  • scoliosis

  • sciatic nerve inflammation

  • injuries to spinal discs (the body's shock absorbers)

Thus, it is not easy to diagnose arthritis from a single cause. That said, discuss your symptoms with your doctor. If required, he may refer you to a rheumatologist or an orthopaedic surgeon for a definitive diagnosis and optimal treatment.

Risk Factors and the Roots of Spinal Arthritis Included

Factors contributing to back or neck arthritis may vary from one individual to the next. In many cases, the root cause is unclear, although normal ageing and autoimmune responses are two possible explanations. Evidence suggests a genetic component to several kinds of arthritis of the spine.

What methods are available for dealing with spinal osteoarthritis?

Treatment for spinal arthritis may vary and is determined by a variety of factors. This may depend on a number of variables, including your age, the intensity of your pain, the kind and severity of your arthritis, and your own health goals. While the joint damage caused by arthritis is irreversible, pain control and the prevention of further joint deterioration are frequently the major goals of treatment.

  • Pain and inflammation may be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids, respectively.

  • Alternative therapies for inflammatory arthritis that address specific symptoms or root causes

  • The use of physical therapy to increase back muscular strength and spinal mobility

  • Modifying your lifestyle by losing weight, giving up tobacco, changing your posture, and so on may reduce inflammation and spinal tension.

Home Remedies for Spinal Osteoarthritis

It's imperative to exercise regularly. It can reduce stiffness, increase flexibility, and strengthen spine muscles. It's okay to start with low-intense exercises such as walking or yoga.

  • Warm baths or showers, heating pads, and warm compresses can all be effective. Cold therapy can also help reduce swelling and inflammation.

  • Maintain a good posture to reduce pressure on the spine. You can use a lumbar support cushion or pillow to support your lower back while sitting.

  • Take the help of massage and acupuncture to relax the muscles, increase circulation, and promote healing.

  • Some foods like fatty fish, nuts, whole grains, and fruits and vegetables can help with osteoarthritis.


Spinal arthritis is an age-associated condition that can cause a lot of pain and discomfort, but it doesn't have to be permanent. With the right treatment plan and lifestyle modifications, you can get relief from back pain caused by spinal arthritis. Talk to your doctor about what options are available to you, such as physical therapy or medications, so you can start feeling better soon.