Found 41 Articles for Modern India History

Popular uprisings against the British by deposed Chieftains and Landlords

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 01-Feb-2023 12:27:46


Introduction After the Plassey battle of 1757, the whole country was under the dominance of the British, both politically and economically. Because of this incident, the landlords and the chieftains lost much of their power and not only that, but they also lost many of their properties and estates. It resulted in many uprisings against the British, that was the protest by deposed chieftains and landlords. Polygar rebellions (1799-1805) The poligars or the polygars are also referred to as the Palaiyakkarars, who were from the Tirunelveli Kingdom of South India. Between the years 1799 to 1805, they gave a major ... Read More

Poona Pact

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 01-Feb-2023 12:27:00


Introduction The Poona Pact had a great impact on the depressed class and the overall history of India. This pact was important for uplifting the classes that were unprivileged and their rights. The term depressed class was used to describe those people who belong to the Dalit community or scheduled caste or those, who were treated as untouchables. The communal award created the background for the pact, and the government run by the British, to provide the electorates to the depressed class, announced it. M.R. Jayakar, Tej Bahadur Sapru and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar at Yerwada jail, in Poona, ... Read More

Pitt’s India Act, 1784

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 01-Feb-2023 12:25:59


IntroductionThe East India Act of 1784 was brought to the people of India by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister is known to be the youngest in the history of this island nation in Europe. The person was a very young man as his age was merely 24 but had a very unique talent for producing capable administrative reforms. William Pitt was the person under whose guidance this act was eventually passed in the year 1784. Portrait of the Right Honourable William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806) John Hoppner, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons Historical background ... Read More

Peasant Movements in the 19th Century – Rangpur Dhing

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 01-Feb-2023 12:24:39


Introduction The English East India Company (EIC) is known for the oppression it brought to the people of India for almost a century. This company came to this country intending to do some trade and commerce on a grand scale for some products that are very famous in every country in Europe. This is the fact that eventually led to the colonization of the land that finally led to the formation of a British Government system. Background of Rangpur Dhing uprising The peasants and farmers who lived in the district of Rangpur Dhing were pushed to the ... Read More

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan – Early Years, Partition, Arrest and Exile

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 01-Feb-2023 12:23:00


Introduction Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan is one of those leaders in India who brought the ideology of brotherhood to the mass to keep India united. Badshah Khan and Bacha Khan are his other known names. The Afghans were proud of him and called him Fakra -e- Afghan. He was closely related to M. K. Gandhi. He was known as Sarhadi Gandhi or Frontier Gandhi. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and his movement Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun leader who was a prominent part of Indian politics. He actively worked for society and social reformation. He started strong campaigns ... Read More

C R Formula or Rajaji Formula (1944)

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 01-Feb-2023 12:19:11


Introduction Rajaji formula or C R formula was a formula introduced in the year 1944 by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari to fix the political pause between the Indian national congress and All India Muslim league. For the independence of British ruled India. Muslims as well as Hindus in India under British rule were two different nations. Each of them had the right to develop their nation. British administration wanted to take full advantage of the Hindu-Muslim split to prevent Indian Independence. What was the CR formula (1944)? There was a political pause between the AIML and INC over the freedom of British ... Read More

What Happened to The Court Artists?

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 27-Dec-2022 15:36:37


Introduction With the expansion and consolidation of the British Empire in India from the eighteenth century, many European artists began to travel to India with traders. These artists brought ideas of western paintings with them. Their idea of art was mainly based on realism, where the artist was expected to depict everything that looked like real life. And for this, they used oil painting and tried to give three dimensions to their paintings. Gradually Indian artists also adopted this style to depict their pieces of work. Indian artists began to paint Indian mythology and religion with western style, which ... Read More

Freedom is Our Birth Right

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 27-Dec-2022 17:21:28

1K+ Views

Introduction The Indian National Congress was a party of moderates till the 1890s. By moderates, we mean those who were dominating figures of the Congress party, and most of the decisions were influenced by their views and opinions. They were the ones who believed that the Britishers are not as evil as they appear and they respect the classical idea of freedom and justice. So, we could achieve freedom if we work patiently, collectively, and steadily. So, they appealed through petitions, speeches, and articles. Some of the most famous moderates were Dadabhai Naroji, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Gopalakrishna Gokhale, etc. ... Read More

Why The Demand For Indian Indigo?

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 23-Dec-2022 11:25:32

1K+ Views

Introduction India’s geographical location has been of great advantage to the country. It is situated both in the tropics and the temperates, making it suitable for growing a huge number of crops. Historically the countries west of India imported cereals and other agricultural products on a large scale from India. And Indigo was one of the most imported commercial crops in West Asia and Europe. This crop was used as a dying agent for various clothes. Particularly, in Europe where it was nearly impossible to grow indigo because of temperate weather. Here, we will see why in the 18th and ... Read More

Revolt of 1857 – First War of Independence Against British

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 22-Dec-2022 18:18:48


Introduction The Britishers first came to India as merchants and they got the Farman from the Mughal emperor. After some time they created their monopoly in trade with India. Other European countries left India and the British became powerful. The immense wealth and resources present in India made Britishers change their policy. Later they wanted to Colonise the whole of India and exploit as much as they could. After the fall of the Mughal empire, Britishers took control of Bengal by winning the battle of Palassy and the battle of Buxar. After these battles, Britishers gain total control of Bengal ... Read More