Found 398 Articles for Diagnosis & Treatment

Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:31:39
Esophagitis with eosinophilia is a persistent immune system condition. Eosinophils, a kind of white blood cell, accumulate in the lining of the tube that links your mouth to your stomach when you have this condition. The esophagus is another name for this tube. This accumulation, which is a response to meals, allergies, or acid reflux, can inflame or damage the esophagus tissue. Either swallowing becomes difficult or food becomes lodged due to damaged esophageal tissue. While eosinophilic esophagitis has only been recognized since the early 1990s, it is now recognized as a significant cause of digestive system disease. The diagnosis ... Read More

Dupuytren Contracture

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:30:06
A painless ailment called Dupuytren Contracture causes one or more fingers to bend inward towards the hand's palm. The damaged fingers are unable to fully straighten. Tissue gathers into knots beneath the skin. They ultimately develop a thick chord that can bend the fingers. With time, the situation progressively grows worse. The two fingers furthest from the thumb are most frequently affected by Dupuytren contracture. This might make simple tasks more difficult, such as putting your hands in your pockets, donning gloves, or shaking hands. Dupuytren contracture cannot be cured. Therapies can lessen symptoms and delay the rate at which ... Read More

Dumping Syndrome

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:28:32
Food, especially meals heavy in sugar, might pass from your stomach into your small intestine too rapidly if you have dumping syndrome. Dumping syndrome, also known as fast gastric emptying, most frequently results from stomach or esophageal surgery. Abdominal pains and diarrhea are among the indications and symptoms that most dumping syndrome sufferers experience 10 to 30 minutes after eating. Some individuals have symptoms 1–3 hours after eating. Some meantime, exhibit both early and late signs. In general, altering your diet after surgery can help prevent dumping syndrome. Modifications could include reducing high-sugar foods and eating smaller meals. You could ... Read More

Down Syndrome

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:23:22
A human body is made up of 23 pairs of chromosomes, i.e. they are 46 in number. These chromosomes are the basic build-up structure of DNA and contain all or part of the genetic structure of the human body. Some unfortunate child is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21 and that is responsible for abnormalities in the normal growth of the child. These children face difficulties throughout their life. These children suffer from many diseases and may have a very short life cycle. They will develop many other diseases in the later part of their life. Down syndrome ... Read More

DiGeorge Syndrome (22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome)

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:22:08
DiGeorge syndrome, more precisely known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, is a condition brought on by a minor loss of chromosome 22. Many bodily systems suffer from inadequate development as a result of this loss. DiGeorge syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome, and other illnesses with the same genetic etiology are all included under the umbrella term 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, however, some of their characteristics may differ somewhat. Heart abnormalities, impaired immune system function, a cleft palate, issues related to low calcium levels in the blood, delayed development with behavioral and mental issues, and 22q11.2 deletion syndrome are all prevalent medical issues. Variables include ... Read More

Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:16:42
The systemic disorder known as diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is characterized by distinctive ossification patterns that can affect the spine and peripheral entheses. DISH most frequently affects the spine and frequently manifests as stiffness and back discomfort. The term DISH was first used to characterize this syndrome by Resnick et al. in 1975, and it is currently the most often-used word in the literature. The phrase both encompasses and characterizes the disease. In materials from a series of 200 patients, Forestier first identified the underlying disease in 1950 and gave it the name "senile ankylosing hyperostosis." The ossifications ... Read More

Diabetic Nephropathy

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:14:53
Diabetic nephropathy is a serious complication occurring in patients with diabetes characterized by Persistent albuminuria with or without a raised serum creatinine level, which is confirmed on at least 2 occasions 3-6 months apart. Progressive decline in the glomerular filtration rate and Elevated arterial blood pressure. It occurs due to uncontrolled blood sugar levels exceeding the capacity of the kidney to filter causing a toxic load on the kidneys and resulting in kidney disease. Patients with associated high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, and an individual with a family history of diabetes and kidney disease are at increased risk of ... Read More

Deviated Septum

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:13:27
The thin wall (nasal septum) between your nasal passages can get moved to one side, which is known as a deviated septum. The nasal septum is frequently misaligned, or deviated, which reduces the size of one nasal opening in many people. Breathing difficulties can result from a significantly deviated septum, which can obstruct one side of the nose and decrease airflow. When a deviated septum is exposed to the drying effects of airflow through the nose, it can occasionally cause crusting or bleeding in certain persons. A deviated nasal septum, an enlargement of the tissues lining the nose, or a ... Read More

Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumors

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:12:05
Cancers known as desmoplastic small round cell tumors (DSRCT) frequently start in the abdomen. This form of cancer can occasionally spread to other bodily regions. Rare malignancies called desmoplastic small round cell tumors start as cell growths. The tissue that borders the inside of the abdomen and pelvis is frequently where the growths develop. The term "peritoneum" describes this tissue lining. The cancer cells have a high capacity for rapid organ-to-organ dissemination. The liver, colon, and bladder may be examples of this. Anybody can develop desmoplastic small round cell tumors, although boys and young men are more likely to do ... Read More

Desmoid Tumors

Dr. Durgesh Kumar Sinha
Updated on 26-Apr-2023 12:10:57
Mesenchymal neoplasms known as desmoid tumors (DT) are thought to be locally invasive yet non-metastatic. They are also known as deep fibromatosis, musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis, and aggressive fibromatosis. They are locally invasive and significantly increase morbidity and death even though they do not metastasize. The treatment of DT is difficult, and a multidisciplinary tumor board discussion is necessary (MTB). Surgery is the main form of treatment for DT, either with or without radiation therapy (RT). DTs have a high risk of local recurrence despite surgical resection; as a result, the World Health Organization has classified them as intermediate locally aggressive ... Read More