Found 43 Articles for Anthropology

Demographic Profile of India

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 16:33:05
IntroductionIndia is the second most populated country in the world after China having 17% of the world’s population. It is diverse in terms of its population structure and culture having both tribal and non-tribal populations. Its population follows various religions like Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, etc.India is diverse in terms of language also because of its because of its diverse racial element and geographical isolation for long time. Ethnic element in the Indian Population and their distribution Indian population is divided into various ethnic types by different anthropologists based on anthropometric measurements and geographical presence. Classification Type Distribution ... Read More


Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 17-Mar-2023 10:16:00
Introduction Symbols serve as a medium of verbal communication as well as a means of ritual expression, cultural interpretation, and artistic and religious expression. Symbolism investigates how society works based on the meanings of its symbols, how they are perceived, etc. The interrelationships between individuals, language, and culture are studied through symbolism. Different symbols serve as the building blocks for culture. Symbols can have several distinct meanings. The same symbol may have many interpretations depending on the situation. Symbols follow cultural conventions. What is symbolism? Symbols are signs that are used to denote things, whether they be fictitious or actual. ... Read More

Ethno-archeology in india

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 17:16:27
Introduction Ethnoarcheology is a subdiscipline of anthropology formed by the blend of two disciplines- ethnography and archeology. It is a research technique to form an analogy between the traditional living societies and the archeological records. It originated in the end of the nineteenth century with increasing interest of ethnographers and archeologists to interpret archeological phenomena with the help of ethnographic data. Jesse Walter Fewkes is designated as the first ethnoarcheologist who was investigating the organization of Native American societies of the early twentieth century. Concept of ethnoarchaeology The concept of ethnoarchaeology plays a crucial role for India for its vast ... Read More

Epidemiological Anthropology

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 16:59:57
Introduction Epidemiology is commonly referred to as the study of the incidence and causes of disease and injury in the common population. Epidemiological anthropology focuses on population diversity in prevalence and distribution, and it clarifies the aetiological elements involved in a disease’s incidence. Human development follows a medically predetermined path, however, environmental variables profoundly affect continuance and medical condition. Therefore, diseases display the full range of causes, from inherited to elements that play a major role in the atmosphere. Health and disease In the earlier, health was viewed as simply the absence of illness. It is more commonly associated with ... Read More

Directional Selection

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 16:46:05
Introduction "Directional selection" is a process of natural selection where individuals with a certain trait or set of traits are favored over others, leading to a shift in the average trait value in a population. This type of selection occurs when environmental conditions change or selective pressures for a particular trait increase, causing the favored trait to become more common and eventually dominant. Directional selection can result in evolutionary changes in a species over time, but it may also lead to the loss of genetic diversity within a population. There are three main types of directional selection: stabilizing, disruptive, ... Read More

Demographic theories- Biological, social and cultural

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 17-Mar-2023 10:59:44
Introduction Improved knowledge of demographic reality in both current and previous populations is provided by anthropological demography by using anthropological theory and methodologies. The dynamic processes that determine population growth, structure, and differences throughout time and geography are the main focus of demography. The majority of anthropology's attention is given to the dynamics of diverse population processes that are prevalent among various populations that are residing in various geographic and environmental contexts. What are the demographic theories? Demography is the scientific study of the number, distribution, and makeup of the human population as well as changes to these ... Read More

Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 16:15:59
IntroductionThe most crucial component of the theory of evolution is the principle of natural selection. The rationale behind the notion of natural selection lays the groundwork for how various creatures have evolved over millions of years on earth. Additionally, it is the foundation of Darwinism. The fact that Darwinism does not take into consideration a species' genetic mutations and genetic diversity is one of the theories' shortcomings. Neo Darwinism, a contemporary Darwinian derivative theory, addresses this issue. Darwinism First proposed by British naturalist Charles Darwin in his 1859 book "On the Origin of Species". The theory states that ... Read More

Culture and Personality

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 15:57:53
Introduction Culture refers to the shared beliefs, values, customs, and behaviors that characterize a group or society. Culture is transmitted from one generation to the next and shapes the way individuals perceive the world and interact with others. Personality refers to the unique set of psychological traits and characteristics that define an individual and influence their behavior. Personality is shaped by a combination of factors, including biology, upbringing, and experiences. The Culture and Personality School of thoughts The School of Culture and Personality t argues that culture has a significant impact on shaping personality. According to this theory, cultural values ... Read More

Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 15:51:36
Introduction Ecological anthropology is the study of how people interact with the environment in which they live. It is a subset or branch of anthropology. The field focuses on the interactions and adaptations between people and the environment throughout generations. A collection of ideas and precepts known as general ecology are used to describe how animal and plant populations and communities adapt to and evolve in response to their environments. These ideas and precepts apply to several other areas, including energy flow, feeding relationships, resource acquisition, behaviour, etc. Concepts of Ecology Plants and animals come in a variety of shapes ... Read More

Classical Evolutionism

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 16-Mar-2023 15:38:32
Introduction Classical Evolutionism refers to the early 19th-century cultural evolutionary theories of British anthropologists. These scholars sought to explain the development of human societies from primitive to civilized stages. Tylor's theory of cultural evolution argued that societies progressed from simple to complex forms through a process of adaptation and invention. Frazer, in his work "The Golden Bough, " proposed the idea of comparative mythology, in which he compared the beliefs and practices of different cultures to identify patterns and similarities. While these theories have been largely discredited and criticized for their ethnocentrism and oversimplification, they continue to ... Read More