Found 23797 Articles for Academic

Principles of Genetics

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 20-Jan-2023 16:41:04
Introduction Genetics is the process of bearing the characteristics of one to another generation. Additionally, via genetics, it's possible to spread normal elements that are noticeable in humans as well as animals, such as colours, shape, and even some diseases. Moreover, according to biology, genetics refers to the study of hereditary and the transmission of the features that are available in the body, such as contrast and similarities, from parents to children. What is Heredity? In tutorials on biology, heredity refers to passing the characteristics to the next generation. The procedure of heredity appears among all the different living organisms ... Read More

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 20-Jan-2023 16:35:06
Introduction Primary ciliary dyskinesia or PCD is a kind of issue that is understood by the infections in the chronic respiratory tract, misplacing of the organs, and infertility or incapable of being able to bear a child. Signs and symptoms of the disease can be detected through the abnormalities in the cilia and flagella. It follows the autosomal recessive inheritance pattern. Approximately one in every ten thousand and thirty thousand are affected. What is Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia? Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a sort of disease that is genetic and has chronic infections in the respiratory tract or misplacing of the ... Read More

Prepare Pedigree Charts of Any One of the Genetic Traits Such as Rolling Of Tongue, Blood Groups, Ear Lobes, Widow’s Peak and Colour Blindness

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 20-Jan-2023 16:23:10
Introduction Any kind of genetic disorder can be diagnosed properly by critically examining a pedigree chart. It helps in understanding the sources and type of any particular disease. The risk of any genetic disorder can be reduced by valuing a family pedigree chart. In preparing this chart, some important specifications are utilized and properly followed. What is a Pedigree Chart? A pedigree chart is useful in understanding the different genetic characteristics of any organism. In a pedigree chart, a diagram is prepared in which the occurrence types and forms of different phenotypes are included. In a whole pedigree chart, some ... Read More

Prepare A Temporary Mount of The onion Root Tip To Study Mitosis

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 20-Jan-2023 16:05:34
Introduction The two most important processes of dividing cell are mitosis and meiosis. Both mitosis and meiosis are associated with generating a new cell. The onion root tip is often named as one of the most important and proper root specimens. The presence of a meristematic cell is integrally associated with the specification of the mitosis procedure. Overall changes in chromosomes can be measured properly by analyzing a proper mitosis procedure. What is Mitosis? Each of the available living organisms is found to possess a basic unit that is known as a cell. Each cell is found to be divided ... Read More

Preparation and Study of Transverse Section of Dicot and Monocot Roots and Stems

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 20-Jan-2023 15:57:40
Introduction Mostly two different types of plants are generally seen such as flowering as well as nonflowering. Angiosperms refer to flowering plants and the non-flowering plants are called gymnosperms. Angiosperms can be divided into two different groups in terms of their cotyledons number such as monocotyledonous as well as dicotyledonous. What are Dicot and Monocot Roots and Stems? Monocot Root and Stems Dicot Root and Stems The vascular bundle of the monocot stems are mostly scattered. In dicot stems vascular bundle is mostly seen in the circular arrangement. In terms of monocot, the bundles ... Read More

Pregnancy Parturition Lactation

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 20-Jan-2023 11:11:35
Introduction The procedure of giving birth to a baby as well as the placenta from uterus through vagina is known as parturition. This phase is mainly seen between the labour to the process of delivery. Parturition takes place around 38 weeks after completing fertilization. During this process, the lactation process starts. What are Parturition and Lactation? After gestation, the procedure is completed with the help of an embryo that takes more than 270 days for the procedure of baby birth. At the time of giving birth to a newborn baby, there are some contractions that are powerful in the muscles ... Read More


Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 19-Jan-2023 16:56:32
Introduction Skin is one of the sense organs of our body. The skin is a protective barrier that covers our entire body. The skin acts as a protective, excretive, and absorptive organ. Apart from this, it regulates body temperature. Sometimes the skin is affected by a wide variety of germs like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Some infections in the skin require immediate medical attention. Ringworm is one of the most familiar infections of the skin caused by fungus. What is a ringworm? Ringworm is one of the most familiar infections of the skin as well as nails caused by ... Read More


Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 19-Jan-2023 16:20:55
Introduction Viruses are ubiquitous infectious agents containing genetic material enclosed within a protein coat. Genetic material is either DNA or RNA. Retroviruses contain RNA as the genetic material and are grouped under the family Retroviridae. Retroviruses have become the subject of interest with the discovery of the enzyme called reverse transcriptase. Its discovery by Temin and Baltimore has led to the identification of a new family of viruses “Retroviridae” that was not known till then. Retroviruses have distinguishing characteristics that mark them different from other viruses. They are known to cause infections, cancers, and inflammatory diseases in humans. What is ... Read More

Respiratory and Lung Volumes

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 19-Jan-2023 16:07:54
Introduction The respiratory system is one of the major biological systems which helps in the breathing process. The respiratory system helps in gaseous exchange along with the removal of waste from the blood. To check the condition of the respiratory system we should understand some parameters related to the lungs. These parameters are nothing but respiratory capacity and lung volumes. What is Respiratory System ? A respiratory system is a group of organs involved in breathing by exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide. The respiratory system involves many parts of the body including the nose, mouth, throat, trachea, bronchi, lungs, ... Read More

Miller Urey Experiment

Praveen Varghese Thomas
Updated on 19-Jan-2023 15:29:21
Introduction The basic requirements for the origin of life were created by the formation of the earth and its initial environment. These provided the initial raw material and the essential conditions that were needed to interact together and to form organic molecules that favour life. It was believed that our universe came into existence some 15 billion years ago with a big bang that was a thermonuclear expansion of a huge entity. Scientists believe that our solar system came into existence around 4-5 billion years ago and that the planets were formed by the spinning cloud of cosmic dust and ... Read More