Are You Simply Sad or Do You Have Major Depressive Disorder?

When one's emotions are hurt, sadness is a normal response. Sadness comes in a spectrum of intensities. However, sadness is fleeting and passes with time, just as other feelings do. This is one way in which feeling sad is different from feeling depressed.

Depressive disorder is a chronic mental condition. It causes difficulties in interpersonal, professional, and other spheres of life. Without proper care, depressive symptoms may linger for a very long period.

Read on to find out how clinical depression is different from simple sorrow.

What Is Sadness?

Every human being periodically feels the sting of sadness. We often feel sad when we react to experiences that cause us pain or dissatisfaction. There are several degrees of melancholy. Sadness, however, is fleeting, just like every other emotion. When compared to depression, sadness is distinct in this way.

A person's mood and state of mind may be affected by a variety of factors. Negative emotions might result from several different life events, such as a divorce, the loss of a job or other financial stability, financial challenges, or domestic issues.

Disappointing events, such as poor performance on a test or being rejected from a job, may also trigger feelings of sadness. Nonetheless, it is common for a person to feel better after crying it out, venting their frustrations, or talking through their concerns with another person.

Most feelings of sadness eventually go away. If this continues or the individual has trouble returning to normal, depression may be to blame. If the person's depression becomes worse or lasts longer than two weeks, they should see a doctor.

Why Do People Feel Depressed?

Depression is a mental condition that has far-reaching consequences for a person's daily life. Anybody of any age or gender may be affected by it, and doing so alters their habits and outlook.

Most people experience the following frequent signs of depression −

  • Depression is brought on by feeling down about oneself.

  • Sadness

  • Hopelessness

  • Depression is characterized by a loss of interest or drive in formerly enjoyable activities.

  • They may lose interest in formerly enjoyable activities, withdraw from social interactions, and even believe they cannot function in their daily lives, which might lead them to stop working or attending school.

  • A rapid increase in size (more than five percent in thirty days) or a drastic weight loss without dieting

  • Problems falling asleep, staying asleep, or switching between the two

  • Experiencing feelings of agitation or impatience (irritable mood may also be a symptom in children or adolescents)

  • Weakness or loss of energy

  • Indifference to one's value or an unhealthy preoccupation with guilt

  • Struggling to concentrate, ponder, or make a choice

  • Both depression and sorrow are common emotions, yet they are not the same.

Sadness is a normal human emotion that usually accompanies traumatic or upsetting situations. Major depressive disorder is a severe and chronic mental health problem that may have a significant impact on daily life.

The Impact Of Depression On Individuals At Various Life Stages

Many depressed kids don't want to get out of bed and go to class. They can struggle academically or see a decline in their grades. Preschoolers often obsess over every little thing and cling to their parents.

Depressed adolescents may also feel like missing class. They may be very emotional, have a low opinion of themselves, or constantly need to eat or sleep. Self-harming behaviors may also be attempted, such as cutting, beating their skull against a wall, burning oneself, or ripping out their hair.

Depression in the elderly often goes unrecognized because its symptoms are seen as inevitable with age. They may prefer never to leave the house again. They may have a loss of appetite, sleeplessness, memory loss, and non-medical discomfort and weariness.

Can You Explain The Difference Between Melancholy And Depression?

Indeed, feelings of sadness are at the heart of depression. Clinical depression is a mental health disorder characterized by a wide range of symptoms, including chronic fatigue, a lack of interest in formerly pleasurable activities, and even suicidal ideation or attempts. Depressive episodes often persist for two weeks or more. They might be precipitated by a tragic incident or appear out of the blue for no apparent reason.

What Are The Signs That I'm Experiencing Sadness Or Depression?

Losing a job, going through a breakup, or experiencing the death of a loved one may bring on feelings of sadness. Extreme grief, if not sadness, is a normal response to tragedies like these. But even mild melancholy has the potential to develop into clinical depression. A case of depression may develop if the sensations persist or begin interfering with everyday living.

Mood swings aren't the only side effect of a changing body. Hormonal shifts may occur as a result of puberty, menopause, or medical therapy or illness. Your doctor should check your thyroid and other hormone levels and discuss any drugs you take if you suspect depression.

Why Should You See A Doctor?

Do not hesitate to seek medical or mental health attention if you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of depression. They have the ability to diagnose your problem and provide therapy recommendations.

Your doctor may do a physical examination and look into your medical and family histories. A blood test may be administered to rule out any underlying medical issues. A thyroid disorder, for instance, has been linked to feelings of weariness and depression. They will inquire as to what symptoms you've been experiencing. You could be asked to complete a questionnaire about your melancholy emotions and thoughts.

You can find out whether you have melancholic, atypical, or seasonal depression from your doctor or mental health expert.


Treatments exist for depression. Medication and talk therapy are also options your doctor may suggest. A referral to a psychiatrist or psychologist is an option. Please don't attempt to handle your sadness on your own, and don't be embarrassed or ashamed that you need help for it. Depression therapy allows you to control your symptoms.