- Trending Categories
- Data Structure
- Operating System
- MS Excel
- C Programming
- Social Studies
- Fashion Studies
- Legal Studies
- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who
In day today’s life anxiety to some extent is normal. Usually, people worry about their health, wealth, job, family, and so on. When the anxiety becomes severe associated with physical disturbances starts interfering with daily activities. It makes it difficult for a person to get through the day. Anxiety disorder interferes with a person’s ability to function and the patient overreacts to situations and can’t control the responses to the situations. It is more commonly seen in the age group less than 30 and more common in women. It occurs in nearly about 30% he adults at some point.
A person with anxiety can present with panic attacks, feeling of nervousness, sweating, and an increased heart rate. Various factors play role in anxiety disorders. Anxiety can be hereditary and can occur when the person is under constant stress over a longer period or in people who have experienced trauma which may precipitate the anxiety.
Anxiety disorder is mainly of 5 types, can be generalized or can be a panic disorder where a person gets intense sudden panic attacks, it can be phobia where intense fear for certain situations or objects present or can be separation anxiety which happens in a child or teens who worry about being away from their parents. Post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder also come in this.
Anxiety Disorders: Causes
The main causes for anxiety disorder are not fully understood. Some of the factors which can induce anxiety disorder include the following −
Constant stress either because of family problems, being jobless, or constant stress at the workplace
Health issues − People having chronic disorders like heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other severe systemic disorders
Anxiety Disorders: Symptoms
The most common symptoms of anxiety disorders include −
Sensitivity to noise
Cold or sweaty hands
Feeling of nervousness or fear
Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
Rapid heart rate
Restlessness, inability to stay calm, tremors
Inability to sleep
Constriction in the chest
Feeling tired or weak
Repeated thoughts of traumatic experiences
Uncontrollable obsessive thoughts
Anxiety Disorders: Risk Factors
The risk factors for anxiety disorder include −
Certain personality types such as people who have behavioral inhibition where they avoid unfamiliar things, situations, and environment
People who have experienced severe trauma during childhood or adulthood
History of anxiety disorders in the family
Drug abuse or withdrawal
People having chronic health issues such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and severe systemic diseases
Anxiety Disorders: Diagnosis
The anxiety disorder-related problems interfere with the ability to enjoy life and perform any activities, it does not improve even after logical explanations to address the worries have been done
There are 5 main types of anxiety disorder. Each one of them is diagnosed as follows −
Generalized Anxiety Disorder − It is diagnosed when individual experiences unrealistic or excessive anxiety or worry for a period of at least 6 months, and is not capable of controlling the anxiety along with the above-mentioned symptoms
Panic Disorder − In this the individual experiences a repeated unexpected panic attack usually peaks in 10mins which lasts no longer than 30mins. These attacks are followed by 1 month of one or more persistent concerns about future attacks
Phobias − In this the people have a specific phobia to certain specific objects or situations like a social phobia is a fear of social situations, agoraphobia fear of crowded places.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder − In this, the symptoms occur usually within 3 months of the traumatic incident and the patient presents with nightmares, negative thinking, unwanted distressing memories of the incident.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder − In this, the individual has obsessive thoughts and impulsive behaviors that impair routine activities. The individual has a fear of contamination of the hands even after frequent hand washes
Anxiety Disorders: Treatment
The mainstay treatment of the anxiety disorder includes
Psychological Education − short-term counseling, stress management, psychotherapy, meditation and exercise, avoiding alcohol and smoking, relaxation techniques, and a healthy diet.
Psychological Therapy − the most supporting evidence in anxiety disorders is cognitive behavioral therapy in which the individual is thought different ways of thinking, behavior, and reacting to the situations.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy − these strategies are made to reduce discomfort and anxiety.
Pharmacological Treatment − treatment with drugs can help the individual to reduce the symptoms by causing the changes in the brain to release certain chemicals which control the mood. They take several weeks to work. Certain antidepressants and antianxiety medications are used. The 1st line of drugs used in anxiety disorders is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Other medicines such as benzodiazepines and beta blockers are also used to reduce anxiety. These drugs are used for short term.
Anxiety Disorders: Prevention
Prevention of anxiety disorder is usually not possible but some of the steps can control the symptoms −
Learn to manage the stress, meditation, exercise, and relaxation activities can make the individual worry less
Regular healthy balanced diet
Limit alcohol, smoking, and caffeine
Assistance, seek help when the individual has experienced a traumatic event
Mental Support from family, friends, and community
The number of individuals having anxiety disorder has increased drastically in recent times. Anxiety disorders are often not diagnosed and not treated. Anxiety disorder makes it difficult for an individual to go through a day and interferes with routine activities.
Anxiety disorders can be effectively managed. Treating the individual at the right time improves the quality of life, relationships, and productivity. It also supports overall well-being.
If the individual is under constant stress or fear should visit the healthcare provider do not hesitate to consult the doctor. It is better to be diagnosed and treated at the earliest. Constant support from the surrounding people and a combination of psychotherapy and medications limit the problems of anxiety disorder.
Kickstart Your Career
Get certified by completing the courseGet Started