8 Numbers You Need to Know for Diabetes


The chief characteristic of diabetes is a higher-than-normal blood sugar count. It is a chronic metabolic disease. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to severe damage to vital organs. The heart, kidneys, eyes, and blood vessels may suffer. Insulin is the regulator. Insulin maintains the levels of blood glucose. In a diabetic condition, the body fails to make ample insulin. With less insulin, sugar begins to accumulate in the blood cells. Diabetes falls into 4 types, type 1, type 2, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. As many as 95% of diabetes patients belong to the type 2 category. Gestational diabetes refers to pregnancy.

Begin with the ABCs

Controlling diabetes requires monitoring cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels.

  • A for A1C testing reveals blood sugar levels over the preceding few months. The target A1C should be within 7 percent at the very least. Between 5.7 and 6.5, it is the prediabetes range. Above 6.5, it would be classified as a diabetic condition. Age-wise, the reading differs considerably in terms of the normal. Above 60 years, it is 6.5. between 40 and 59 years, it is 6.1. Between 20 and 39 years, it is 6.

  • B for Blood pressure should remain within 140/90 mm Hg

  • C for Cholesterol represents 2 types in the blood, LDL and HDL. The bad one, LDL, can block blood vessels. HDL is the good one that resists the bad. Excessive cholesterol causes heart attacks. Take care of heart health with a statin in middle age and beyond.

Play Dice with 8 Numbers

1. Weight Control and Trim Waistline

According to a renowned specialist, cardiovascular health depends upon optimum body weight. When the waist carries excess fat, the chances of heart disease increase rapidly. In such cases, even minor weight loss decreases the risk. Blood sugar and blood pressure reduce substantially with a 10 percent reduction in body weight.

2. Kidney Safety

Among the serious complications of diabetes is kidney damage. Has diabetes affected the kidneys? Check the urine. If microalbumin reaches above 30, it means trouble for the kidneys. Get treated early enough. Avoid thinking and postponing medical attention. Instead of 30, if the reading reaches 300, it is perpetual kidney damage.

3. Keep Track of Calories

Simplifying the strategy for managing type 2 diabetes, keep track of calories. Fats and proteins matter too. Counting calories helps to restrict body weight. Though the daily calorie count is arguable, certain restrictions apply. Sugary drinks and cakes had better be minimized and taken on rare occasions. These foods and beverages do not benefit the body. Rather, opt for healthy foods generally with an occasional fling. Whole grains and nuts, and fish rich in omega-3s, are healthy. Eat citrus fruit and dark green leafy vegetables too.

4. How many Minutes of Exercise?

Diabetics need to jog or walk maybe for 30 minutes each day for safety. Along with losing weight, maintain a healthy heart. Reduce blood sugar and LDL cholesterol. Make a small beginning with a few minutes of exercise and increase the duration. Even indoors, aerobic exercise and dancing to online music should take the stress away. Start immediately.

5. Minding Cholesterol Levels

Triglycerides indicate fat in the blood which should be within 150 for both sexes. The fat intake should be reduced. Saturated fat found in dairy products, meat, and fried foods do lots of harm. Avoid high cholesterol for diabetics. The recommended total cholesterol should be below 200. LDL had better be below 100. HDL should be above 40 for men. Medications along with greater physical activity are the remedies.

6. Manage Blood Sugar within Limits

A simple process of checking at home indicates blood sugar levels for the moment. Fasting blood sugar and two hours after food indicate the range. The approved reading for fasting sugar for type 2 diabetics is around 100. The target would be 180 within 2 hours of eating. Medications need to be adjusted and metformin is the commonly prescribed drug. Control the diet minutely at all times.

7. Blood Pressure Figures

The target blood pressure for diabetic safety is 140/80 mmHg. The heart is at risk for diabetics. Avoid foods high in sodium. Obviously, salt needs to be restricted. Along with the medications, aim for optimum body weight to maintain healthy BP.

8. Manipulating A1C Numbers

Is the diabetes treatment coping up to reduce blood sugar? Mostly, it is the time and numbers game. A sudden drop in sugar cannot be reasonably expected. Things take time and effort. Know the sugar levels over 2 or 3 months with a lab test called A1C. Check it maybe twice or thrice a year if it is a cause for worry. Type 2 diabetics within 7 percent have little to worry about. If blood sugar escalates, seek specialist medical attention.

Along with food restrictions and ample exercise, curtail smoking to minimize dangers. E-cigarettes are harmful too. Physical activity improves as a result of a refreshing lively lifestyle.

Updated on: 05-May-2023

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