7 Types of Eczema: What Do Atopic Dermatitis and Other Eczema Types Look Like?

Eczema is a broad term used to describe various skin conditions that lead to redness, itchiness, and inflammation. Some types of eczema can also cause blisters on the skin. There are seven different types of eczema, and each has its unique characteristics. Understanding the different eczema types and their symptoms is crucial to control the flaring up of the ailment and in finding the right treatment.

Skin disease can be triggered by factors such as pollution, smoke, or poor air quality and other environmental issues. While in most cases people outgrow the ailment conditions, for some it continues to persist for a longer time.

7 Types of Eczema

In this section, we will discuss Atopic Dermatitis and other types of eczema, and what they look like.

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis is the most common type of eczema, affecting more people on the go. It is characterized by dry, itchy, and inflamed skin that can appear on any part of the body.

  • In infants, it often starts on the cheeks and scalp and later spreads to other areas. The skin bubbles up and turns irritable oozing out fluid until treated.

  • In adults, it typically affects the face, neck, and hands. The skin is usually very sensitive, and flare-ups are triggered by various factors, including allergens, stress, and weather changes.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis occurs when the skin comes in contact with an irritant or allergen, leading to an itchy rash. A person allergic to detergents, cosmetics, and chemicals may contract the issue when they come in contact with any of these irritants. The rash typically occurs on the area of skin that came into contact with the irritant or allergen. Contact dermatitis can be either acute or chronic.

Dyshidrotic Eczema

Dyshidrotic eczema is a type of eczema that affects the hands and feet. It is characterized by small, itchy blisters on the palms, fingers, and soles of the feet. The blisters may burst and ooze fluid like substance, leading to crusting and scaling. Dyshidrotic eczema is more common in women than men and is often triggered by stress or contact with certain metals.

Nummular Eczema

Nummular eczema is a chronic condition characterized by circular or oval-shaped patches of dry, itchy, and scaly skin. The patches can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters and can appear on any part of the body. The symptoms of nummular eczema alleviate more in middle-aged men, and the cause is unknown.

The eczema that shows up coin-type lesions can be treated with lotions and bandages exclusive to the type.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

The stubborn type, seborrheic dermatitis is a type of eczema that affects the scalp, face, and upper chest. It is characterized by a red, itchy, and scaly rash that can be flaky and oily. In infants, it is known as cradle cap, and it often clears up on its own within a few months. In adults, it can be a chronic condition that requires ongoing treatment.

The side effects of this eczema show up on eyelids, ears and eyebrows too.

Stasis Dermatitis

Stasis dermatitis is a type of eczema that occurs when there is poor circulation in the legs, leading to swelling, redness, and itching. The skin may also become dry, thick, and discoloured. Stasis dermatitis is more common in people with varicose veins, and the condition can worsen if left untreated.

One common point about this type of eczema is that it appears on people with poor blood flow.


Neurodermatitis is a chronic condition characterized by patches of itchy, scaly skin that can occur anywhere on the body. The skin becomes thick and leathery due to constant scratching, and the condition can be very uncomfortable. Stress and anxiety often trigger flare-ups, and treatment includes antihistamines and topical steroids.

Scratching makes this type of eczema even worse. Preventing scratching can help address the ailment in a better way.


Eczema is a diverse skin condition that can affect people of all ages and genders. Each eczema type has its unique characteristics and triggers, and it is essential to identify the cause to get appropriate treatment. If you experience any eczema symptoms, it is crucial to consult a dermatologist who can recommend the best treatment plan for your condition.

Updated on: 31-Mar-2023


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