7 Reasons You Have Period Pain

Menstruation, often known as a period, is a normal bodily function that takes place in women who have uteruses as part of the menstrual cycle. Although the duration of a period can vary from person to person, it usually lasts for 3 to 7 days.

The uterus sheds its lining during a period to get ready for a prospective pregnancy. The bleeding that occurs from this uterine lining loss usually has a dark crimson or brown hue. Typically, the bleeding is most intense during the first few days of the period and gradually gets lighter as the period comes to a close.

Cramps, bloating, exhaustion, mood changes, headaches, and breast tenderness are typical period symptoms. The hormonal changes that take place during the menstrual cycle are what lead to these symptoms.

Many people use sanitary goods like pads, tampons, menstrual cups, or period pants to control their periods. To reduce the risk of infection, it's crucial to constantly change these goods.

It's crucial to speak with your healthcare provider if you feel excruciating pain, copious bleeding, or any other odd symptoms during your period in order to identify the underlying reason and create a treatment strategy.

Period Pain: Reasons

Here are seven typical causes of dysmenorrhea, generally known as period pain −

  • Prostaglandins − During menstruation, the uterus releases prostaglandins, which resemble hormones. They make the uterus contract, which may cause pain and cramping.

  • Endometriosis − This disorder causes the tissue that lines the uterus to proliferate on tissues outside of the uterus, frequently the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other pelvic organs. This may result in excruciating menstrual pain.

  • Adenomyosis − This disorder causes the lining of the uterus to develop into the uterine muscle. This may result in significant period discomfort and copious bleeding.

  • Fibroids − In the uterus, fibroids can form and are not malignant growths. These may result in painful periods and significant bleeding.

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) − PID, or pelvic inflammatory disease, is an infection of the reproductive organs that can result in symptoms such as pain during intercourse and discomfort during periods.

  • Ovarian cysts − Cysts on the ovaries that are filled with fluid are known as ovarian cysts. They may also result in other symptoms, such as pain during intercourse and discomfort during periods.

  • Cervical stenosis − Menstrual blood can become trapped in the uterus and cause pain if the opening of the cervix is limited due to cervical stenosis.

It's crucial to discuss your period pain with your healthcare professional if it is severe or prolonged in order to identify the underlying reason and create a treatment strategy.

How to Manage Period Pain

Many people suffer period discomfort, sometimes referred to as dysmenorrhea, as a typical symptom of their menstrual cycle. Although some people may also have headaches, nausea, or weariness, it is often characterised by cramping in the lower abdomen or back.

Here are some suggestions for controlling period pain −

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers − Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can help ease cramps and lessen inflammation. These are available over-the-counter.

  • Heat therapy − Heat treatment helps relax the muscles and relieve discomfort. Using a heating pad or taking a warm bath can assist.

  • Exercise − Moderate activity, like yoga or walking, helps ease cramps and elevate mood.

  • Nutritional changes − Consuming a balanced diet that is heavy in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in processed foods may help lessen period discomfort.

  • Management of stress − Using relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga can be useful because stress can make period pain worse.

Consult your healthcare professional if over-the-counter medications and lifestyle modifications fail to control your period discomfort. They might suggest other therapies like hormonal birth control or prescribed drugs.

Updated on: 31-Mar-2023


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