7 Potential Side Effects of Apple Cider Vinegar

Since ancient times, apple cider vinegar, also called ACV, has been celebrated for its myriad beneficial impacts on one's health. These effects include the potential to enhance digestion and fortify the immune system. It is vital to be aware of the potential detrimental effects that apple cider vinegar may have, as it is essential to be mindful of the potential hazards related to the usage of apple cider vinegar. This article will discuss the possible adverse effects of ACV and provide recommendations for avoiding those effects.

Interactions with Certain Medications

Apple Cider Vinegar has become a popular dietary supplement with many purported benefits, such as aiding weight loss, promoting digestive health, and reducing cholesterol. However, ACV's potential side effects should also be considered. One of these side effects is that it may interact with certain medications. ACV can increase stomach acidity, which can interfere with the absorption of certain medications.

It can also interfere with diuretics, blood thinners, insulin, and certain heart medications. If you take any medications, it is important to talk to your doctor before taking ACV, as the combination of ACV and certain medications may cause adverse effects. It is also important to note that ACV may interact with certain supplements, such as iron or calcium, so it is better to talk to your doctor before taking any new supplements.

Damage to Teeth

One potential side effect is that it can damage the enamel on your teeth. The acidity in the vinegar has the potential to wear away the protective enamel layer on your teeth, leaving them vulnerable to decay, staining, and sensitivity. If you decide to use ACV, it’s important to dilute it with water to reduce the acid and to rinse your mouth out with plain water afterwards. Additionally, avoiding brushing your teeth immediately after drinking the vinegar is best since it can further damage the enamel. You should also wait for at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth. To protect your teeth, consider drinking ACV through a straw and avoiding swishing it around in your mouth.

Lowering Blood Sugar Too Much

One of the most talked about potential uses is its ability to help lower blood sugar levels. This could benefit those with diabetes or those at risk of developing the condition. However, it is essential to note that if taken in high doses, ACV can potentially cause blood sugar levels to drop too low. This can lead to hypoglycemia, which can cause symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, and fatigue. In extreme cases, it can even lead to coma or death. Therefore, speaking to a doctor before taking ACV as a supplement is crucial to ensure that it is safe and appropriate for you. Moreover, it is important to note that ACV should not be used as a substitute for other diabetes medications or treatments. Taking ACV in combination with medicines prescribed by a doctor can be beneficial, but it is not recommended to be taken on its own.

Low Potassium Levels

One of the most severe side effects of ACV is low potassium levels. Low potassium levels can significantly impact the body, resulting in muscle weakness, fatigue, and other symptoms. In some cases, this can be so severe that it can lead to hospitalization.

If you use apple cider vinegar, it is imperative that you keep an eye on your potassium levels and seek medical attention if you suffer any of the symptoms described above. In addition, it is essential to remember that apple cider vinegar (ACV) should not be consumed in excessive quantities or for an extended period because doing so can raise the chance of experiencing significant adverse effects.

Skin Irritation

The most common cause of skin irritation from ACV is an allergic reaction. If you are allergic to ACV, using it may cause redness, itching, and swelling. To avoid an allergic reaction, doing a patch test before using ACV on your skin is important. You can also dilute ACV before applying it to your skin to help minimize the potential for irritation. Additionally, if you have sensitive skin, you should avoid using ACV as it may be too harsh. Finally, if you experience irritation after using ACV, stop using it immediately and consult your doctor. While ACV can benefit the skin, it is vital to be aware of the potential effects of skin irritation. Taking the necessary precautions can help you get the benefits of ACV without causing harm to your skin.

Digestive Discomfort

It is important to note that ACV can also potentially lead to digestive discomfort. This is due to the high acid content, which can irritate the stomach, leading to nausea, vomiting, and indigestion. In some cases, prolonged use of ACV can even cause an imbalance in the gut microbiome, leading to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria. It is, therefore, essential to take ACV in moderation and to ensure that you get enough probiotics and fiber in your diet to help protect your digestive system. You should stop using it and talk to your doctor if you experience digestive discomfort while taking ACV.

Reduced Bone Density

Acetic acid, the main component of apple cider vinegar, has been proven to have numerous health benefits. However, studies have shown that it may also harm bone density. This is because ACV is acidic, which can cause the body to become overly acidic when consumed. This acidic environment can be detrimental to bones and teeth and lead to reduced bone density and a weakened skeletal system. To avoid this, it is vital to ensure that you consume ACV in moderation and that you do not exceed the recommended daily amount.


In conclusion, it’s important to be aware of the potential side effects of ACV, as there are some risks associated with its use. However, by diluting it with water, drinking it with food, and consulting with your doctor before taking it, you can help reduce potential side effects and enjoy its benefits.

Updated on: 01-Feb-2023


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