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7 Doctor-Approved Ways to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is the patches on the skin which will make a particular place darker than the other parts of the skin. This situation occurs when the skin starts producing excess melanin. Pigmentation can occur in several ways. It can occur in small patches, and it can cover large areas. These patches can also affect the whole body. People can suffer from pigmentation from various causes, and these patches are not always harmful. But these can lead to different health hazards.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
Suffering from Hyperpigmentation is not new and can be of several types. Individuals facing dark spots on the skin need to understand the categories of pigmentation.
This pigmentation occurs on the skin is exposed to the sun, and the spots look dark brown. Melasma can develop anywhere in your body, but most people suffer from this pigmentation on their faces.
This is a common pigmentation type, mainly when your skin is exposed to a lot under the skin. Long-term exposure to the sun creates sunspots, and these are generally harmless. This pigmentation type is also known as liver or age spots. These spots are easy to treat.
Sometimes individuals can suffer from Hyperpigmentation, generally developed due to an injury or swelling. The probable causes of post-inflammatory pigmentation are acne, burn, or eczema.
Causes of Pigmentation
Melanin is responsible for skin color. Melanin is developed by skin cells, and when these cells get damaged, your skin will face the problems like Hyperpigmentation. Experts mentioned several causes responsible for Hyperpigmentation. One of the most common causes of spots on the skin is adrenal disorders. In this situation, the human body does not generate cortisol, a hormone to maintain skin color.
Women also can face pigmentation on their skin during their pregnancy period. Individuals who suffer from thyroid problems and sun damage can also suffer from Hyperpigmentation.
Experts define Hyperpigmentation as dark patches on the skin. These dark patches can generate due to excess melanin production. Extra sun exposure, injury, or certain medications can cause pigmentation on the skin. Experts have mentioned several treatment options to treat this skin disorder.
Use of Face Acids
The most common treatment for reducing pigmentation is using face or skin acids. It will help in removing the uppermost layer of the skin. These face acids work excellently on your skin by exfoliating, and your skin starts returning to its old layer. Probable acids that work excellently are azelaic acid, kojic acid, salicylic acid, and vitamin C.
Another popular treatment to cure Hyperpigmentation is Retinoid. Retinoid is one of the oldest skin care options, and it is available from Vitamin A. It increases collagen production and reduces the chances of wrinkles arising on the skin. It also helps in developing new blood vessels in the skin.
Use of Chemical Peel
Chemical peels are also considered a great option to reduce the development of Hyperpigmentation. This treatment helps remove the top area of the skin. Hence it helps reduce the appearance of Hyperpigmentation. Using chemical peels effectively treats age spots, sun damage, melasma, and blotchy skin. However, if you use these chemical peels at home, you will face the symptoms like redness, irritation, blistering, infection, scarring, and allergic reaction.
Use of laser Peel
If you are searching for the best treatment option to reduce Hyperpigmentation, laser peel can be your best option. This treatment is also known as skin resurfacing. There are two types of laser treatments- ablative laser treatment and non-ablative laser treatment.
IPL or Intense pulse light therapy
IPL is also a laser therapy that falls within the Ablative laser treatment. This treatment, also known as facial phototherapy, helps stimulate the growth of collagen in the dermis. This treatment requires more than one session. This treatment seems excellent for overall pigmentation, but these are mainly used for flat spots on the skin.
Dermabrasion is a treatment that helps remove the epidermis and is a great treatment option to smoothen the skin. This treatment keeps your skin free from wrinkles and age spots. Dermabrasion is excellent for treating the areas like acne scars, age spots, chickenpox marks, and injury scars.
Skin lightening Creams
Several skin-lightening creams are available in the market, some of which are really good. If you can select the best product for your skin problem, it will keep you free from Hyperpigmentation.
Preventive Measures Against Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation can develop for several reasons, and it is not always possible to take preventive measures against skin patches. Some essential preventive measures for your skin are mentioned here.
Avoiding Direct Sunlight
Experts suggest staying out of sunlight between 10 am to 2 pm. If you need to go out during this period, you should carry an umbrella or hat. You can use a wide-brimmed hat to cover your skin.
Use of Vitamin C
Vitamin C seems to be one of the most effective tools for skin treatment. Vitamin C is rich in antioxidants and helps a lot in skin brightening. Vitamin C contains anti-aging capabilities, and it helps in reducing free radicals. You can use some home remedies which are rich in vitamin C.
SPF rich sunscreen
Women mainly suffer from skin pigmentation due to exposure to the sun. Experts suggest that one should use sunscreen, which is rich in SPF 15. Use of SPF-rich sunscreen should be used in winter too. Top-branded sunscreen comes with all effective ingredients that will keep your skin free from Hyperpigmentation and protect your skin from UV Rays.
Don’t Touch Your Skin Always
Face skin is very soft − if you touch it or scratch it due to mosquito bites, etc., you will notice a spot on your skin. It will cause inflammation to your skin and leave marks on your skin. Again, washing your hands before applying makeup to your skin is suggested.
The above discussion clarifies how you can maintain your skin and treatment options to keep your skin free from Hyperpigmentation. If you still face problems with skin patches, you should consult a dermatologist for the best treatment.
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