VB.Net - OpenFileDialog Control

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The OpenFileDialog control prompts the user to open a file and allows the user to select a file to open. The user can check if the file exists and then open it. The OpenFileDialog control class inherits from the abstract class FileDialog.

If the ShowReadOnly property is set to True, then a read-only check box appears in the dialog box. You can also set the ReadOnlyChecked property to True, so that the read-only check box appears checked.

Following is the Open File dialog box:

VB.Net Open File dialog box

Properties of the OpenFileDialog Control

The following are some of the commonly used properties of the OpenFileDialog control:

S.NPropertyDescription
1AddExtensionGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box automatically adds an extension to a file name if the user omits the extension.
2AutoUpgradeEnabledGets or sets a value indicating whether this FileDialog instance should automatically upgrade appearance and behavior when running on Windows Vista.
3CheckFileExistsGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box displays a warning if the user specifies a file name that does not exist.
4CheckPathExistsGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box displays a warning if the user specifies a path that does not exist.
5CustomPlacesGets the custom places collection for this FileDialog instance.
6DefaultExtGets or sets the default file name extension.
7DereferenceLinksGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box returns the location of the file referenced by the shortcut or whether it returns the location of the shortcut (.lnk).
8FileNameGets or sets a string containing the file name selected in the file dialog box.
9FileNamesGets the file names of all selected files in the dialog box.
10FilterGets or sets the current file name filter string, which determines the choices that appear in the "Save as file type" or "Files of type" box in the dialog box.
11FilterIndexGets or sets the index of the filter currently selected in the file dialog box.
12InitialDirectoryGets or sets the initial directory displayed by the file dialog box.
13MultiselectGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box allows multiple files to be selected.
14ReadOnlyCheckedGets or sets a value indicating whether the read-only check box is selected.
15RestoreDirectoryGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box restores the current directory before closing.
16SafeFileNameGets the file name and extension for the file selected in the dialog box. The file name does not include the path.
17SafeFileNamesGets an array of file names and extensions for all the selected files in the dialog box. The file names do not include the path.
18ShowHelpGets or sets a value indicating whether the Help button is displayed in the file dialog box.
19ShowReadOnlyGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box contains a read-only check box.
20SupportMultiDottedExtensionsGets or sets whether the dialog box supports displaying and saving files that have multiple file name extensions.
21TitleGets or sets the file dialog box title.
22ValidateNamesGets or sets a value indicating whether the dialog box accepts only valid Win32 file names.

Methods of the OpenFileDialog Control

The following are some of the commonly used methods of the OpenFileDialog control:

S.NMethod Name & Description
1OpenFile
Opens the file selected by the user, with read-only permission. The file is specified by the FileName property.
2Reset
Resets all options to their default value.

Example

In this example, let's load an image file in a picture box, using the open file dialog box. Take the following steps:

  1. Drag and drop a PictureBox control, a Button control and a OpenFileDialog control on the form.

  2. Set the Text property of the button control to 'Load Image File'.

  3. Double-click the Load Image File button and modify the code of the Click event:

Private Sub Button1_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click
   If OpenFileDialog1.ShowDialog <> Windows.Forms.DialogResult.Cancel Then
      PictureBox1.Image = Image.FromFile(OpenFileDialog1.FileName)
   End If
End Sub

When the application is compiled and run using Start button available at the Microsoft Visual Studio tool bar, it will show the following window:

VB.Net Open File Dialog Example

Click on the Load Image File button to load an image stored in your computer.

VB.Net Open File Dialog Example

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