Pascal - Break Statement

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The break statement in Pascal has the following two usages:

  1. When the break statement is encountered inside a loop, the loop is immediately terminated and program control resumes at the next statement following the loop.

  2. It can be used to terminate a case in the case statement (covered in the next chapter).

If you are using nested loops (i.e., one loop inside another loop), the break statement will stop the execution of the innermost loop and start executing the next line of code after the block.

Syntax:

The syntax for a break statement in Pascal is as follows:

break;

Flow Diagram:

Pascal break statement

Example:

program exBreak;
var
   a: integer;
begin
   a := 10;
  (* while loop execution *)
   while  a < 20 do
   begin
      writeln('value of a: ', a);
      a:=a +1;
      if( a > 15) then
         (* terminate the loop using break statement *)
          break;
    end;
end

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result:

value of a: 10
value of a: 11
value of a: 12
value of a: 13
value of a: 14
value of a: 15


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