JavaMail API - Sending Email With Inline Images

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Here is an example to send an HTML email from your machine with inline image. Here we have used JangoSMPT server via which emails are sent to our destination email address. The setup is explained in the Environment Setup chapter.

To send a email with an inline image, the steps followed are:

  • Get a Session

  • Create a default MimeMessage object and set From, To, Subject in the message.

  • Create a MimeMultipart object.

  • In our example we will have an HTML part and an Image in the email. So first create the HTML content and set it in the multipart object as:

    // first part (the html)
    BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
    String htmlText = "<H1>Hello</H1><img src=\"cid:image\">";
    messageBodyPart.setContent(htmlText, "text/html");
    // add it
    multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);
    
  • Next add the image by creating a Datahandler as follows:

    // second part (the image)
    messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
    DataSource fds = new FileDataSource(
     "/home/manisha/javamail-mini-logo.png");
    
    messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(fds));
    messageBodyPart.setHeader("Content-ID", "<image>");
    
  • Next set the multipart in the message as follows:

    message.setContent(multipart);
    
  • Send the message using the Transport object.

Create Java Class

Create a java class file SendInlineImagesInEmail, the contents of which are as follows:

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.Properties;
import javax.activation.DataHandler;
import javax.activation.DataSource;
import javax.activation.FileDataSource;
import javax.mail.BodyPart;
import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;

public class SendInlineImagesInEmail {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      // Recipient's email ID needs to be mentioned.
      String to = "destinationemail@gmail.com";

      // Sender's email ID needs to be mentioned
      String from = "fromemail@gmail.com";
      final String username = "manishaspatil";//change accordingly
      final String password = "******";//change accordingly

      // Assuming you are sending email through relay.jangosmtp.net
      String host = "relay.jangosmtp.net";

      Properties props = new Properties();
      props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
      props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
      props.put("mail.smtp.host", host);
      props.put("mail.smtp.port", "25");

      Session session = Session.getInstance(props,
         new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
               return new PasswordAuthentication(username, password);
            }
         });

      try {

         // Create a default MimeMessage object.
         Message message = new MimeMessage(session);

         // Set From: header field of the header.
         message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));

         // Set To: header field of the header.
         message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,
            InternetAddress.parse(to));

         // Set Subject: header field
         message.setSubject("Testing Subject");

         // This mail has 2 part, the BODY and the embedded image
         MimeMultipart multipart = new MimeMultipart("related");

         // first part (the html)
         BodyPart messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
         String htmlText = "<H1>Hello</H1><img src=\"cid:image\">";
         messageBodyPart.setContent(htmlText, "text/html");
         // add it
         multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);

         // second part (the image)
         messageBodyPart = new MimeBodyPart();
         DataSource fds = new FileDataSource(
            "/home/manisha/javamail-mini-logo.png");

         messageBodyPart.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(fds));
         messageBodyPart.setHeader("Content-ID", "<image>");

         // add image to the multipart
         multipart.addBodyPart(messageBodyPart);

         // put everything together
         message.setContent(multipart);
         // Send message
         Transport.send(message);

         System.out.println("Sent message successfully....");

      } catch (MessagingException e) {
         throw new RuntimeException(e);
      }
   }
}

As we are using the SMTP server provided by the host provider JangoSMTP, we need to authenticate the username and password. The javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication class is used to authenticate the password.

Compile and Run

Now that our class is ready, let us compile the above class. I've saved the class SendInlineImagesInEmail.java to directory : /home/manisha/JavaMailAPIExercise. We would need the jars javax.mail.jar and activation.jar in the classpath. Execute the command below to compile the class (both the jars are placed in /home/manisha/ directory) from command prompt:

javac -cp /home/manisha/activation.jar:/home/manisha/javax.mail.jar: SendInlineImagesInEmail.java

Now that the class is compiled, execute the below command to run:

java -cp /home/manisha/activation.jar:/home/manisha/javax.mail.jar: SendInlineImagesInEmail

Verify Output

You should see the following message on the command console:

Sent message successfully....

As I'm sending an email to my gmail address through JangoSMTP, the following mail would be received in my gmail account inbox:

JavaMail API Send Email With Inline Images

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