# Apache Pig - MIN()

The MIN() function of Pig Latin is used to get the minimum (lowest) value (numeric or chararray) for a certain column in a single-column bag. While calculating the minimum value, the MIN() function ignores the NULL values.

Note

• To get the global minimum value, we need to perform a Group All operation, and calculate the minimum value using the MIN() function.

• To get the minimum value of a group, we need to group it using the Group By operator and proceed with the minimum function.

## Syntax

Given below is the syntax of the MIN() function.

```grunt> MIN(expression)
```

## Example

Assume that we have a file named student_details.txt in the HDFS directory /pig_data/ as shown below.

student_details.txt

```001,Rajiv,Reddy,21,9848022337,Hyderabad,89
002,siddarth,Battacharya,22,9848022338,Kolkata,78
003,Rajesh,Khanna,22,9848022339,Delhi,90
004,Preethi,Agarwal,21,9848022330,Pune,93
005,Trupthi,Mohanthy,23,9848022336,Bhuwaneshwar,75
006,Archana,Mishra,23,9848022335,Chennai,87
007,Komal,Nayak,24,9848022334,trivendram,83
008,Bharathi,Nambiayar,24,9848022333,Chennai,72
```

And we have loaded this file into Pig with the relation named student_details as shown below.

```grunt> student_details = LOAD 'hdfs://localhost:9000/pig_data/student_details.txt' USING PigStorage(',')
as (id:int, firstname:chararray, lastname:chararray, age:int, phone:chararray, city:chararray, gpa:int);
```

## Calculating the Minimum GPA

We can use the built-in function MIN() (case sensitive) to calculate the minimum value from a set of given numerical values. Let us group the relation student_details using the Group All operator, and store the result in the relation named student_group_all as shown below

```grunt> student_group_all = Group student_details All;
```

It will produce a relation as shown below.

```grunt> Dump student_group_all;

(all,{(8,Bharathi,Nambiayar,24,9848022333,Chennai,72),
(7,Komal,Nayak,24,9848022 334,trivendram,83),
(6,Archana,Mishra,23,9848022335,Chennai,87),
(5,Trupthi,Mohan thy,23,9848022336,Bhuwaneshwar,75),
(4,Preethi,Agarwal,21,9848022330,Pune,93),
(3 ,Rajesh,Khanna,22,9848022339,Delhi,90),
(2,siddarth,Battacharya,22,9848022338,Ko lkata,78),
```

Let us now calculate the global minimum of GPA, i.e., minimum among the GPA values of all the students using the MIN() function as shown below.

```grunt> student_gpa_min = foreach student_group_all  Generate
(student_details.firstname, student_details.gpa), MIN(student_details.gpa);
```

### Verification

Verify the relation student_gpa_min using the DUMP operator as shown below.

```grunt> Dump student_gpa_min;
```

### Output

It will produce the following output, displaying the contents of the relation student_gpa_min.

```(({(Bharathi),(Komal),(Archana),(Trupthi),(Preethi),(Rajesh),(siddarth),(Rajiv) } ,
{    (72)    ,   (83)  ,     (87)   ,    (75)   ,   (93)   ,   (90)   ,     (78)   ,  (89)    }) ,72)
```
apache_pig_eval_functions.htm