You might be wondering: Is there an age limit to female and male fertility? Yes!
The side-effects of old age on fertility have been studied less in males than in females, but studies have proved that both quality and volume of semen reduces as a man gets older.
Some researchers also show that, like women, men's chances of having babies who have genetic abnormalities increases as they become older.
Best age to have healthy kids for a woman: 20s to 30s.
Most people would say that there is no best time to have kids. But there are many pros and cons to giving birth at different ages.
In Your Late Teens or Early 20s, you will have better energy to care and run after your little bundle of joy, but less financial resources and fewer experiences of life. In your late 30s and 40s, you may be more financially sound but have a hard and challenging time to get pregnant and, stay up-to-date with an active toddler.
What follows is the advantages and disadvantages of pregnancy at different ages.
Most fertile years
Less risk of hypertension during pregnancy
Less risk of gestational diabetes
The miscarriage rate is low
Your child is less likely to be born with a birth defect such as Down syndrome or other chromosomal abnormalities
Body shape is a big concern for most women in their 20s than older women.
Not ready to take responsibilities
If you eat well throughout your pregnancy, you will have an easier delivery, and therefore you can get back in shape easily.
Decreased risk for breast cancer and ovarian cancer
Established in your work life and you may be better to handle the changes that parenthood brings.
Chances of successful IVF treatment are higher than in an older woman.
Fertility begins to decline as you hit the 30s
The rate of cesarean sections increases
The miscarriage rate increases and your risk of having a baby with the birth defect such as Down syndrome and chromosomal abnormalities increases.
Fertility declines as you age because the woman eggs are aging after age 35
Infertility treatment becomes tough
The risk of high blood pressure and hypertension increases during pregnancy in this age group.
Gestational diabetes becomes more common in women after 35 years than in younger woman
The chance of having cesarean section increases
The risks of having a baby with birth defects and chromosomal disorders begin to rise significantly
The chance of having multiple births, especially twins and triplets, increases as you age.
The rate of miscarriage increases
You have enough experience and maturity to draw upon when raising a child.
You will be more patient than younger women.
The chances of becoming pregnant decreases
You may feel more tired and exhausted
You may be more prone to hemorrhoids, experience pressure on your bladder, prolapsed tissues in the uterus and vagina, and sagging breasts than you would experience in late teens or early 20s.
The rate of miscarriage increases significantly.
The supply of blood to the uterus may not be rich enough to sustain a healthy pregnancy.
High risk of hemorrhage and placental abruption
Risks of chromosomal birth defects arise.
The chances of successful IVF treatment drops tremendously.
You may not be able to conceive easily.
If you are pregnant at this age, you need to undergo rigorous testing.
Carrying and delivering a baby will be tougher
Blood volume increases significantly; therefore, it can put the strain on your heart, and the excess weight puts the strain on your joints and muscles.
The risk of stillbirth and miscarriage is doubled at this age.
Women experience a high rate of complications such as kidney problems, hypertension, and placental problems—that need strict monitoring and care.
A man's age also matters a lot!
Age is not at all a barrier in achieving many milestones of your life. But it can definitely reduce your chance of becoming a father of a healthy child. Undoubtedly, the age of a woman plays a crucial role in conception, the father’s age also matters.
The quality and volume of your sperm decrease as you age.
It takes time for your partner to conceive.
The chances of not conceiving at all become higher.
The risk of miscarriage increases if your age is above 45 years, according to some fertility experts.
The children of older fathers are at more risk of mental health problems, autism, spectrum disorder, and learning difficulties.
For couples having IVF, the risk of not having a child increases if the male partner is older.
The moral: Just like women, it’s time to plan kids when you hit the late 20s or turn 30. Having a healthy baby at a young age is absolutely possible.