What is the difference between Checksum and CRC?

Computer NetworkInternetMCA

Let us begin by understanding the concept of checksum.


A checksum is a value that can verify the integrity of a document or a data transfer. Checksums are generally used to compare two sets of data to create sure they are equal.

There are various common applications that contain verifying a disk image or testing the integrity of a downloaded file. If the checksums don't match those of the original documents, the data can have been changed or corrupted.

A checksum can be calculated in several different ways, using different algorithms. For example, a basic checksum can simply be the multiple bytes in a file.

However, this type of checksum is not very stable because two or more bytes can be changed around. Generating the data to be different, through the checksum would be similar.

Hence, more advanced checksum algorithms are generally used to verify data. These involve cyclic redundancy check (CRC) algorithms and cryptographic hash functions.

The process of generating checksums from messages is known as the checksum function and is implemented using a checksum algorithm. Efficient checksum algorithms make several results with huge probabilities if messages are corrupted.

Parity bits and check digits are unique checksum cases relevant for small blocks of data. Specific error-correcting codes based on checksums are even adequate for improving the initial data.


CRC stands for Cyclic Redundancy Check. It is inserted into the data frame and can discover loss frames, and the data link layer in the receiving device can request the data it can show. It can also view when frames are lost and request that they can communicate again.

A CRC is derived utilizing a more complex algorithm than the simple CHECKSUM, containing MODULO ARITHMETIC (therefore the ‘cyclic’ name) and considering each input word as a collection of coefficients for a polynomial.

It is a technique used to find errors in digital information. As a type of checksum, the CRC makes a fixed-length data set based on the build of a file or larger data set. CRC is a hash function that discovers accidental changes to raw device data generally used in digital telecommunications networks and storage devices including hard disk drives.

CRC is a technique that is generally used in detecting common transmission errors. A cyclic redundancy check is also used for storage devices such as hard disks. In this case, check bits are assigned to each block in the hard disk.

When the computer reads violated or inadequate files, a cyclic redundancy error is triggered. The CRC can appear from another storage device or CD/DVDs. The common reasons for errors contain system crashes, inadequate or corrupt files, or files with several errors.

Published on 23-Nov-2021 04:48:56