What is accrued interest?

Accrued interest is a tool that can be used by lenders to calculate how much interest they are charging on a loan. It is calculated as the total amount of time the loan has been outstanding, minus the amount of time the loan was paid in full. This article will provide a brief overview of accrued interest, as well as explain how it is used in lending decisions.

Tips to help you understand and manage accrued interest

If you decide to pay off your loan early, you may have to pay back the original amount plus interest. This is called “accruing interest” and it can add up quickly.

Here are some tips to help you understand and manage accrued interest −

  • Understand your loan agreement thoroughly. Make sure you know how much interest is being charged, when payments are due, and what happens if you don’t make them.

  • Communicate with your lender regularly. If something changes in your life that may affect your ability to make monthly payments, be sure to let your lender know so that they can adjust the terms of your loan agreement accordingly.

  • Consider refinancing or paying off your loan early if you can afford it. Doing so will reduce or eliminate the amount of accrued interest that you’ll have to pay back later.

Compound interest

There are several different types of accrued interest, and each has its own associated benefits and drawbacks. Here's a look at each type −

Compound Interest− This type of interest is based on the principle that over time, compound interest will cause an increase in the total value of an investment. For example, if you borrow $10,000 and agree to pay 10% annual interest, your total obligation will be $1,100 after one year, $1160 after two years, and so on. In this scenario, your original $10,000 investment has actually grown by $120 (10% x $10,000).

If you don't pay your accrued interest, the creditor can add it to the principal balance of your debt, potentially making it much more expensive to pay off. Additionally, if you fail to make any payments on your debt at all, your creditor can declare your debt in default and take legal action to collections.

There are many consequences of not paying accrued interest, so it's important to understand how it works and why it matter.

How is accrued interest calculated?

Accrued interest is calculated on the outstanding principal balance of a loan. It is the interest that has been earned but not yet paid on the loan. The interest rate is based on the current market rate for base loans at the time of calculation.

How is accrued interest taxed?

Accrued interest is taxed as ordinary income when it is received. The tax rate is typically 15%.

When is accrued interest paid?

Accrued interest is usually paid on a balance that has been in a savings or checking account for at least six months.


Accrued interest is a type of debt that accumulates on an account over time. When a loan is taken out, the lender agrees to pay back the money plus interest, which is what makes it more expensive than borrowing money from a friend or family member. If you have credit card debts, accrued interest will apply every month to the balance you owe. You can read more about accrued interest in our article on Understanding Your Credit Card Debt and How To Lower It Fast.