Found 117 Articles for Cryptography

What is PeStudio

sudhir sharma
Updated on 27-Feb-2023 12:37:52
PeStudio is a popular and powerful software analysis tool that allows users to analyze executable files for various Windows operating systems. The software was developed by the Belgian company, Marc Ochsenmeier, and is widely used by malware analysts, software developers, and security researchers around the world. We will provide an overview of what PeStudio is, how it works, features it provides to its users. The article also includes limitations and recent advancements of PeStudio. What is PeStudio? PeStudio is a tool that provides users with a detailed analysis of executable files, specifically those running on Windows operating systems. The software ... Read More

How is Lightweight Cryptography Applicable to Various IoT Devices?

Devang Delvadiya
Updated on 20-Feb-2023 11:05:10
Cryptography is the key factor that prevents anyone from directly accessing information regarding any encrypted data. Lightweight cryptography refers to all those algorithms which are designed to consume fewer resources and make them more powerful. These lightweight cryptography algorithms can be applied to various IoT devices, securing the connection and ensuring safe data transfer. But how can such algorithms increase the security factor, and how can they be applicable to IoT devices? First, let us see how cryptography works. What Is Cryptography? Cryptography is the technique of converting plain text or normal information into a non-readable format that has no ... Read More

Caesar Cipher in Cryptography

Satish Kumar
Updated on 08-Feb-2023 20:31:16
The Caesar Cipher is a simple substitution cipher named after Julius Caesar, who reportedly used it to communicate with his officials. The technique involves shifting each letter in a message by a fixed number of positions in the alphabet. For example, with a shift of 3, A would be replaced by D, B would become E, and so on. The Caesar Cipher is relatively easy to break and is considered to be a very weak form of encryption, but it served its purpose for Julius Caesar. It's still used for educational and recreational purposes. Algorithm for Caesar Cipher Here is ... Read More

Breaking Cryptography

Satish Kumar
Updated on 08-Feb-2023 21:01:25
Breaking cryptography typically involves attempting to discover the secret key that was used to encrypt a message. Once the secret key is discovered, it can be used to decrypt the original message, making it readable. There are a variety of methods that can be used to try to break a cryptographic system, including − Brute force − Trying all possible secret keys until the correct one is found. Ciphertext-only attack − Attempting to decrypt a message without knowing the key, but only having access to the ciphertext (the encrypted message). Known plaintext attack − Attempting to decrypt a message ... Read More

Bifid Cipher in Cryptography

Satish Kumar
Updated on 08-Feb-2023 21:29:50
The Bifid Cipher is a polygraphic substitution cipher that was invented by the French amateur cryptographer Felix Delastelle at the end of the 19th century. It is considered a polygraphic cipher because it encrypts pairs of letters at a time, rather than single letters like monoalphabetic ciphers such as the Caesar Cipher. The Bifid Cipher is based on a polybius square, which is a 5x5 grid of letters that is used to encrypt the plaintext. The grid is usually filled with a combination of the alphabet and a keyword or phrase. The letters in the keyword or phrase are placed ... Read More

Avalanche Effect in Cryptography

Satish Kumar
Updated on 06-Feb-2023 20:55:11
The avalanche effect in cryptography refers to the phenomenon where a small change in the input of a cryptographic function, such as a hash function, results in a significant and seemingly unrelated change in the output. This property is desirable in cryptographic functions because it makes it difficult for an attacker to predict the output of the function based on partial knowledge of the input. For example, consider a hash function that takes an input string and produces a fixed-size output. If the avalanche effect is strong, then making a small change to the input string, such as changing a ... Read More

Applications and Limitations of Diffie-Hellman algorithm

Satish Kumar
Updated on 30-Jan-2023 10:48:02
The Diffie-Hellman algorithm, invented in 1976 by Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman, is a key exchange algorithm that allows two parties to securely exchange a shared secret key over a public communication channel. This algorithm is widely used in various applications for secure communication, such as VPNs, online banking, and secure email. In this article, we will discuss the applications and limitations of the Diffie-Hellman algorithm. Applications of Diffie-Hellman Algorithm Secure Communication − The most common application of the Diffie-Hellman algorithm is to establish a secure communication channel between two parties. The algorithm allows the parties to securely exchange a ... Read More

Chaumian Blinding

Satish Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:24:02
In today's digital age, privacy is a major concern for individuals and organizations alike. With the rise of online transactions and the increasing amount of personal data being shared online, it is more important than ever to ensure that sensitive information is protected. One way to do this is through the use of cryptographic techniques, such as Chaumian blinding. What is Chaumian Blinding? Chaumian blinding, also known as "blinding, " is a method of encrypting data that was first proposed by cryptographer David Chaum in 1983. The technique involves using a "blinding factor" to obscure the value of a message, ... Read More

Challenge Response Authentication Mechanism (CRAM)

Satish Kumar
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 18:14:30
Challenge Response Authentication Mechanism (CRAM) is a type of authentication method that is used to verify the identity of a user or device. This method of authentication is based on the principle of challenging the user or device to prove their identity by providing a specific response to a challenge. CRAM is commonly used in network security and is a popular method of authentication for devices and systems that require a high level of security. What is CRAM? CRAM is a type of authentication mechanism that is based on the principle of challenging a user or device to prove their ... Read More

The Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

Satish Kumar
Updated on 10-Jan-2023 11:14:15
What is Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange (exponential key exchange)? The Diffie-Hellman key exchange (also known as exponential key exchange) is a method for securely exchanging cryptographic keys over an insecure channel. It is a fundamental building block of many secure communication protocols, including SSL/TLS and SSH. The Diffie-Hellman key exchange works by allowing two parties (Alice and Bob) to agree on a shared secret key over an insecure channel, without any other party being able to intercept the key or learn anything about it. The key exchange involves the following steps − Alice and Bob agree on two large prime ... Read More
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