What are the duties of chief minister in Indian constitution?

The elected head of the government of the states in India is called as the Chief Minister of that particular state or union territory. The governor appoints the Chief Minister following elections to the state legislative assembly. The party with the majority of votes will elect their leader, the candidate for Chief Minister, who is invited by the governor to swear in as Chief Minister of State. The Chief Minister's term lasts for typically for 5 years, or until next General Elections. However, there is no limit for the number of terms he can serve.

To be eligible for the post of Chief Minister, the candidate must be at least 25 years of age, a citizen of India, and should be a member of the state legislature. He is elected by the majority in the state assembly.

Duties of Chief Minister

  • The leader of the legislative assembly: In the matter of determining the internal policies of the State, the decision of the Chief Minister is final. He remains responsible to the Legislative Assembly for the acts performed by the State Council of Ministers. He comes to the rescue of a minister if he faces any difficulty during the debates in the Assembly. He has to bear the responsibility of getting the important bills passed. He has to keep good relations with the people and see that efforts are made to improve the condition of the state.

  • The Chief Adviser to the Governor: The governor is advised by the Chief Minister so that he can perform his functions. The Chief Minister acts as a bridge of communication between the Governor and the Council of Ministers. On the advice of the Chief Minister, the Governor performs his tasks in matters like summoning, proroguing or dissolving the Legislative Assembly.

  • The Leader of the Council of Ministers: The constitution gives supremacy to the Chief Minister by making him the leader of the ministers, thus it is his responsibility to maintain unity among the ministers. He monitors the working of all the ministers and oversees the meetings of the Council of Ministers.