The Social Self

The ability to interact with, relate to, and see oneself concerning others. It includes confidence, communication skills, self-worth, body image, empathy, and relationship building. Abnormal forms of social functioning include excessive unprovoked aggression, a strong sense of being detached from reality, or suicidal intentions.

What is the Social Self?

Taking a social perspective on one's identity requires us to learn about ourselves via the words and observations of others. This manner of thinking about the self ignores the inner life, the material self, and the pure ego, all of which are essential components of the whole. As the social self is only an element of the self, it is incorrect to conceive the self solely as social, as this would indicate that the other components of the self are not essential, which is a highly false assumption to make.

Shapes of Pure Ego itself Comprehend

When we talk about our "social self," we refer to the person we present to the world. Whom we think we are depends significantly on how others see us; the true self is how we feel, think, or see things in the world. The self-concept of the pure ego is founded only on the individual's subjective experiences and preferences.

Social Identity and Membership

Being part of a group shapes who you are socially. In certain ways, a teacher's identity may be shaped through their work. Social behavior may be influenced by one's sense of belonging to a group. How you treat people is influenced by this. We like it when everyone pitches in. There is a healthy dose of pride in our lives. When people show support for our groups, it helps their confidence. Anger over having been unfair to other group members is possible.

Comparing Social Selves

Tags and identities, such as "clever" or "funny," contribute to our sense of social identity. However, these descriptions imply nothing without some context, such as knowing how we measure ourselves to others. Social comparisons may help us determine the extent to which we share a certain characteristic or belong to a given group. Making "upward social comparisons," we measure ourselves against those we perceive to be more successful or better off than we are

Downward and Upward Social Comparison

Comparing ourselves to others who seem less fortunate than us is an example of a downward social comparison. Comparing ourselves favorably to others tends to make us feel better while comparing ourselves negatively to others tends to make us feel better about ourselves.


When you are among certain people, your social persona shifts to accommodate them. It is normal to act differently among your pals than you do when you are meeting your new significant other's parents for the first time. Most individuals modify their actions, consciously or not, to leave a favorable impression on others around them, and Self-presentation describes this practice.

Self-Presentation Varies

Some individuals can easily adapt their conduct to fit their surroundings. This means that their "social self" is more malleable than average. They are considered excellent self-monitors in the field of psychology. People who are poor at self-monitoring are much less likely to tailor their actions to those they are interacting with. People who are good at monitoring themselves are adept at social manipulation and may put on an act if they believe it would win over their peers. Self-monitor low-perseveres are statistically more likely to do so. They rely instead on their own internalized codes of conduct.


Being close to someone, whether platonically or romantically, allows us to learn about and appreciate another person's perspective and point of view. Our perception of ourselves might shift as we get exposed to different people and places.

Bias in Labelling

Everyone has been pigeonholed at some time. Formal labels include "someone diagnosed with depression," whereas informal labels include "poor at arithmetic" or "emotional." These descriptions may shape the opinions of others about us. That tendency is called the "labeling bias" in psychology. People's perceptions of us may have a powerful influence, much like the labels we give ourselves. We may start living up to people's anticipations of us.

The Hypothesis of Self-Discrepancy

One's true self is a reliable friend and a satisfactory romantic interest. What people think other individuals perceive when they look at individuals is part of this self. The "ought self" is the image of oneself that we project onto the world based on the expectations of others. One's self-esteem is the person one most wants to become.

Reflection in One's Mirror

How we treat others and react in social circumstances might be affected by how we see ourselves in the eyes of others. Changes in our social persona occur. It is human nature to start questioning or confirming our preconceived notions about whom we are by examining the world around us. Our sense of who we are might change based on the opinions of others around us.

Human Interaction and Cultural Formation

Our culture has shaped us as social beings. People around us provide strong signals from the moment we are born about how we should see ourselves and interact with others. On the other hand, people in a collectivist culture develop a sense of identity via their connections to others. The qualities of modesty, thankfulness, loyalty, interpersonal connections, and a strong sense of community are highly prized. People from collectivist societies are less inclined to prioritize their own needs and interests in social circumstances to maintain peace and harmony within the group.


There is perpetual friction between individuality and the social persona. We tend to have unreasonable expectations of others when our pure ego dominates the social self. In certain cases, we may want universal conformity of opinion and want people to respect our viewpoints. In this view, cultural, educational, and traditional distinctions are irrelevant to exert dominance and control over everyone. Conversely, we can comprehend the opinion of others on ourselves when the person's self-triumphs over the pure ego. We also can reason our sentiments to be by what other people expect of us.