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The Electric Generator
The idea of the electric generator was formulated far before the correlation between electricity as well as magnetism. This machinery particle is mainly operated by the electrostatic principles that guide to operate with the application of plates as well as moving belts. This particular form of generator is mainly used during the sudden current off and in other emergencies. In the current situation, the application of the electric generator is seen in every transportation vehicle like aircraft, ships, and trains. In the field of automobiles, the type of generator is also severally used
The working principle of electric generator
The armature comprises of the insulted copper coil which is wound over the is in a rectangular frame.
The work of this particular unit is to convert energy. The alternators of the electric generator guide to generating the power into the electromagnetic section of the field as well as the flow of electrons are also very much applicable for electricity generation. The fuel system of the electric generator includes a pump for fuel a return pipe and a separate pipe that is used to connect the engine with the fuel tank for the flow of fuel (Chun et al. 2018).
A filter is also used in this device for eliminating the derbies of the fuel before reaching this in the engine. After getting the fuel engine starts to work and the principal function of this part is to generate the electricity as well as supply the electricity to the other parts of the generator. The power range of the electric generator is to determine and control the power.
Types of the electric generator
Figure 1: Diagram of AC and DC generator
Two principal types of electric generators are available AC generators and DC generators. AC generators are also known as an alternator that is mainly used to produce the electric power in a device. This type of generator is mainly based on the function and the working process of electromagnetic induction. Two different types of AC generators are commonly seen induction as well as synchronous generator. In this type of generator, the electric power changes continuously in terms of magnitude so this type generator produces AC (Proto et al. 2018).
The frequency of this type of conductor is around 50Hz, which refers to the device turning 50 cycles in just a second. DC generator is another type of electric generator that is not able to direction as well as the magnitude of the electric flow. That is why the frequency of this generator is always 0
Components of the electric generator
The electric generator comprises different significant parts like armature, field magnet as well as slip rings. Other parts of this device include split rings as well as sliding contracts. The fuel system and the engine are the main parts of this device that controls all the functions of this device. A voltage regulator is also in the electric generator that controls the supply of the electric supply as well as the flow of the magnetic or electric current into the electric circuit
Features of the electric generator
The features of this type of generator are it is free from maintenance as the brush is not available in this device. The size of this generator is small which helps to set in any kind of electron or mechanical device (Chu et al. 2022). A variety of operating devices is available on this device so it can be used for different purposes as well. The cost of affirmation is also lower than other mechanical devices so anyone can apply this.
Figure 2: Features of the electric generator
Application of the electric generator
The application of this device is commonly seen in different places to provide power network facilities. This is also very much used in the transportation sectors as well as it also is a great device for backing up the household power needs as well as a small business organization. This type of generator is also used for driving electric motors or setting up the constriction field (Rasool et al. 2020). The application of this device is also used in laboratories, as it is a great device for energy efficiency.
The lubrication system is one of the moving parts of this device that guides to lubricating of all the essential parrots of this device by oiling them. For better service quality, the lubricator system should be checked after every eight hours. The battery charger is also used to provide power whenever the electricity is cut off and the control panel is mainly used in this device for sensing the generator automatically turns on or off. The electric generator refers to a common electric device that is based on the coils of the electric conductor rather than magnetic. It movies through the power of a magnetic field and the magnetism will create an interface with the present electrons in the electric conductor for including the electric flow inside the electric circuit .
Q1. What is the advantages of the electric generator?
The advantage of this device is that it is smaller compared to other devices that guide to include so it can be portable. The starting up of the process of this device is very simple .
Q2. What is the disadvantages of the electric generator?
The principal drawback of the electric generator is voltage fluctuation that sometimes hampers the device. The mechanical parts are very unique so the maintenance is not so easy
Q3. What is the portable generator?
Portable generator is a small type of generator that can be transferred easily. It is connected with the subpanels of the device.
Q4. What is the other types of electric generators?
Standby and Inverter generators are the most common type of generators. Industrial and Induction generators are also used severally
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