Terminologies of Measurements

Taking measurements is the initial stage of making garments. An expert tailor or seamstress does this task and carefully measures the subject’s body or mannequin. These measurements will then be used to cut fabric and stitch it together to make a new shirt. The tailor or seamstress will require particular equipment to take measurements. The most popular tools used by designers and sewers include a ruler, a tape measure, a fabric yardstick, tailor’s chalk, and a tailor’s pencil. The body drawing serves as the starting point for measuring and establishing patterns.

Beginning with the bust, waist, and hips, a template is created that takes each of these points into account. All the measurements and terminology measured along the torso’s front are listed below.

Body Dimensions

The range of body measurements for which the product was intended is specified on the label. (For instance, the label on a cycling helmet that reads, “Head girth: 56–60 cm.”)

Product Dimensions

Product specifications are listed on the label, including product dimensions. For instance, the label on a pair of jeans can indicate the inside leg length in centimetres or inches (not the inner leg measurement of the intended wearer).

Ad-hoc Sizes

Ad hoc sizes are those where there is no evident connection between the size number or code on the label and any measurement. (Size 12, XL, for instance.) The age of the child or, for babies, the weight is occasionally used to indicate the size of a child’s clothing.

Shoulder Length

The length of the shoulder is measured from the neckline to the end of the shoulder.


Around the base of the neck is where the neck is measured. If the item has a turtleneck, you can measure the neck vertically.

Top Bust

Above the bust line, around the torso, and at the level of the armpits, the top bust is calculated.


Measure around the widest part of the figure on the torso, usually at or near the breast, to determine the bust size.


Wrap the measuring tape around the torso just below the bust to get the underbust measurement.


The narrow area of the torso between the breast and the hips is where you should measure your waist.

High Hip

Wrap the measuring tape around the abdomen about 3 to 4 inches below the waistline that was previously measured in order to measure the high point of the hip.


Wrap the measuring tape around the wrist joint.

Front Length

Start counting from the place where the shoulder line and neckline converge to get the front length. Cross the top of the nipple as you run the measuring tape across the front of the body from the waist down.


Wrap the measuring tape around the upper arm to get the bicep size.

Arm Length

One must begin at the end of the shoulder and proceed straight to the wrist when measuring arm length.


Around the elbow joint, run the measuring tape.


Starting at the widest region of the hips, measure the hips in a circle around the torso

Hip to waist

When measuring from the true core to the widest point of the hip, one must move the tape measure along the side of the body.

Sleeve length from the shoulder

Sleeve length from the shoulder is measured from the sleeve’s top seam to the end.

Center back (CB) sleeve length

Find the middle point of the back by measuring from the halfway point between the shoulders. Measure from the shoulder to the hem, then from the sleeve to the bottom.


Under the armhole, from seam to seam


High point of shoulder (HPS) front: highest point on the shoulder, not the collar, to bottom hem, measured along the centre front.

Center back length (CBL)

From the neck seam to the bottom of the hem, centre to back


Each key term or piece of terminology in measurement has its own meaning. Every part of the body is represented by a specific word, which means the measurement of that particular part. Terminology in. Measuring aids in the shortening of long terms. Hence, ease the work of measurement. It helps those who take measurements better understand themselves. For cloth making, a standard measurement is always considered. People can communicate more easily when they use this terminology. Terminology in clothing is necessary to signify and point out things.

Updated on: 14-Feb-2023


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