Spring MVC - Internal Resource View Resolver Example


Advertisements


The InternalResourceViewResolver is used to resolve the provided URI to actual URI. The following example shows how to use the InternalResourceViewResolver using the Spring Web MVC Framework. The InternalResourceViewResolver allows mapping webpages with requests.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/hello")
public class HelloController{
 
   @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.GET)
   public String printHello(ModelMap model) {
      model.addAttribute("message", "Hello Spring MVC Framework!");

      return "hello";
   }
}
<bean class = "org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
   <property name = "prefix" value = "/WEB-INF/jsp/"/>
   <property name = "suffix" value = ".jsp"/>
</bean>

For example, using the above configuration, if URI

  • /hello is requested, DispatcherServlet will forward the request to the prefix + viewname + suffix = /WEB-INF/jsp/hello.jsp.

To start with, let us have a working Eclipse IDE in place and then consider the following steps to develop a Dynamic Form based Web Application using the Spring Web Framework.

Step Description
1 Create a project with a name TestWeb under a package com.tutorialspointas explained in the Spring MVC - Hello World Example chapter.
2 Create a Java classes HelloController under the com.tutorialspointpackage.
3 Create a view file hello.jsp under jsp sub-folder.
4 The final step is to create the content of the source and configuration files and export the application as explained below.

HelloController.java

package com.tutorialspoint;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/hello")
public class HelloController{
 
   @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.GET)
   public String printHello(ModelMap model) {
      model.addAttribute("message", "Hello Spring MVC Framework!");

      return "hello";
   }

}

TestWeb-servlet.xml

<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:context = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans     
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

   <context:component-scan base-package = "com.tutorialspoint" />

   <bean class = "org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
      <property name = "prefix" value = "/WEB-INF/jsp/" />
      <property name = "suffix" value = ".jsp" />
   </bean>
 
</beans>

hello.jsp

<%@ page contentType = "text/html; charset = UTF-8" %>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Hello World</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <h2>${message}</h2>
   </body>
</html>

Once you are done with creating source and configuration files, export your application. Right click on your application, use Export → WAR File option and save the TestWeb.war file in Tomcat's webapps folder.

Now, start your Tomcat server and make sure you are able to access other webpages from the webapps folder using a standard browser. Try to access the URL – http://localhost:8080/TestWeb/hello and if everything is fine with the Spring Web Application, we will see the following screen.

Spring Internal Resource View Resolver

Advertisements