Seaborn - Statistical Estimation


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In most of the situations, we deal with estimations of the whole distribution of the data. But when it comes to central tendency estimation, we need a specific way to summarize the distribution. Mean and median are the very often used techniques to estimate the central tendency of the distribution.

In all the plots that we learnt in the above section, we made the visualization of the whole distribution. Now, let us discuss regarding the plots with which we can estimate the central tendency of the distribution.

Bar Plot

The barplot() shows the relation between a categorical variable and a continuous variable. The data is represented in rectangular bars where the length the bar represents the proportion of the data in that category.

Bar plot represents the estimate of central tendency. Let us use the ‘titanic’ dataset to learn bar plots.

Example

import pandas as pd
import seaborn as sb
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
df = sb.load_dataset('titanic')
sb.barplot(x = "sex", y = "survived", hue = "class", data = df)
plt.show()

Output

barplot

In the above example, we can see that the average number of survivals of male and female in each class. From the plot we can understand that more number of females survived than males. In both males and females more number of survivals are from first class.

A special case in barplot is to show the no of observations in each category rather than computing a statistic for a second variable. For this, we use countplot().

Example

import pandas as pd
import seaborn as sb
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
df = sb.load_dataset('titanic')
sb.countplot(x = " class ", data = df, palette = "Blues");
plt.show()

Output

Bargraph

Plot says that, the number of passengers in the third class are higher than first and second class.

Point Plots

Point plots serve same as bar plots but in a different style. Rather than the full bar, the value of the estimate is represented by the point at a certain height on the other axis.

Example

import pandas as pd
import seaborn as sb
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
df = sb.load_dataset('titanic')
sb.pointplot(x = "sex", y = "survived", hue = "class", data = df)
plt.show()

Output

zSymbol

Useful Video Courses


Video

Data Visualization using MatPlotLib & Seaborn

11 Lectures 4 hours

DATAhill Solutions Srinivas Reddy

Video

Seaborn with Python

11 Lectures 2.5 hours

DATAhill Solutions Srinivas Reddy

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