Python - Synonyms and Antonyms


Advertisements

Synonyms and Antonyms are available as part of the wordnet which a lexical database for the English language. It is available as part of nltk corpora access. In wordnet Synonyms are the words that denote the same concept and are interchangeable in many contexts so that they are grouped into unordered sets (synsets). We use these synsets to derive the synonyms and antonyms as shown in the below programs.

from nltk.corpus import wordnet

synonyms = []

for syn in wordnet.synsets("Soil"):
    for lm in syn.lemmas():
             synonyms.append(lm.name())
print (set(synonyms))

When we run the above program we get the following output −

set([grease', filth', dirt', begrime', soil', 
grime', land', bemire', dirty', grunge', 
stain', territory', colly', ground'])

To get the antonyms we simply uses the antonym function.

from nltk.corpus import wordnet
antonyms = []

for syn in wordnet.synsets("ahead"):
    for lm in syn.lemmas():
        if lm.antonyms():
            antonyms.append(lm.antonyms()[0].name())

print(set(antonyms))

When we run the above program, we get the following output −

set([backward', back'])

Useful Video Courses


Video

Python Online Training

187 Lectures 17.5 hours

Malhar Lathkar

Video

Python Essentials Online Training

55 Lectures 8 hours

Arnab Chakraborty

Video

Learn Python Programming in 100 Easy Steps

136 Lectures 11 hours

In28Minutes Official

Video

Python with Data Science

Best Seller

75 Lectures 13 hours

Eduonix Learning Solutions

Video

Python 3 from scratch to become a developer in demand

Best Seller

70 Lectures 8.5 hours

Lets Kode It

Video

Python Data Science basics with Numpy, Pandas and Matplotlib

Most Popular

63 Lectures 6 hours

Abhilash Nelson

Advertisements