Corpora is a group presenting multiple collections of text documents. A single collection is called corpus. One such famous corpus is the Gutenberg Corpus which contains some 25,000 free electronic books, hosted at http://www.gutenberg.org/. In the below example we access the names of only those files from the corpus which are plain text with filename ending as .txt.
from nltk.corpus import gutenberg fields = gutenberg.fileids() print(fields)
When we run the above program, we get the following output −
[austen-emma.txt', austen-persuasion.txt', austen-sense.txt', bible-kjv.txt', blake-poems.txt', bryant-stories.txt', burgess-busterbrown.txt', carroll-alice.txt', chesterton-ball.txt', chesterton-brown.txt', chesterton-thursday.txt', edgeworth-parents.txt', melville-moby_dick.txt', milton-paradise.txt', shakespeare-caesar.txt', shakespeare-hamlet.txt', shakespeare-macbeth.txt', whitman-leaves.txt']
We can access the raw text from these files using sent_tokenize function which is also available in nltk. In the below example we retrieve the first two paragraphs of the blake poen text.
from nltk.tokenize import sent_tokenize from nltk.corpus import gutenberg sample = gutenberg.raw("blake-poems.txt") token = sent_tokenize(sample) for para in range(2): print(token[para])
When we run the above program we get the following output −
[Poems by William Blake 1789] SONGS OF INNOCENCE AND OF EXPERIENCE and THE BOOK of THEL SONGS OF INNOCENCE INTRODUCTION Piping down the valleys wild, Piping songs of pleasant glee, On a cloud I saw a child, And he laughing said to me: "Pipe a song about a Lamb!" So I piped with merry cheer.