Populate Inorder Successor for all nodes in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this problem, we are given a tree. The structure contains a pointer next. Our task is to populate this pointer with the inorder successor of the node.

struct node {
   int value;
   struct node* left;
   struct node* right;
   struct node* next;
}

All the next pointer are set to NULL and we have to set the pointer to the inorder successor of the node.

Inorder traversal − This traverses in the following form,

Left node -> root Node -> right node.

Inorder successor − the inorder successor is the node that comes after the current node is the inorder traversal of the tree.

Let’s take an example to understand the problem,

The in-order traversal is 7 8 3 5 9 1

Populating each node −

Next of 5 is 9
Next of 8 is 3
Next of 7 is 8
Next of 3 is 5
Next of 9 is 1

To solve this problem, we will traverse the tree but in a reverse in the order form. Then we will put the last visit element to the next of the number.

Example

Program to show the implementation of our solution,

 Live Demo

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
struct node {
   int data;
   node *left;
   node *right;
   node *next;
};
node* insertNode(int data){
   node* Node = new node();
   Node->data = data;
   Node->left = NULL;
   Node->right = NULL;
   Node->next = NULL;
   return(Node);
}
void populateTree(node* pop){
   static node *next = NULL;
   if (pop){
      populateTree(pop->right);
      pop->next = next;
      next = pop;
      populateTree(pop->left);
   }
}
void printNext(node * root) {
   node *ptr = root->left->left;
   while(ptr){
      cout<<"Next of "<<ptr->data<<" is ";
      cout<<(ptr->next? ptr->next->data: -1)<<endl;
      ptr = ptr->next;
   }
}
int main() {
   node *root = insertNode(15);
   root->left = insertNode(99);
   root->right = insertNode(1);
   root->left->left = insertNode(76);
   root->left->right = insertNode(31);
   cout<<"Populating the Tree by adding inorder successor to the next\n";
   populateTree(root);
   printNext(root);
   return 0;
}

Output

Populating the Tree by adding inorder successor to the next

Next of 76 is 99
Next of 99 is 31
Next of 31 is 15
Next of 15 is 1
Next of 1 is -1
raja
Published on 17-Apr-2020 08:19:00
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