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Peace Journalism: Theory and Practice
The history of peace journalism can be traced back to 1965. Then, Johann Galtung and Mari Rouge analyzed what makes information newsworthy. Lynch and Galtung argue that the media is heavily biased against violence and advance the concept of peace journalism on the conceptual belief that 'conflict' equals 'war'.
In peace journalism, this perspective is problematic because it prevents conflict from being seen as an opportunity to seek new harmony between the parties through a process that does not necessarily escalate to war. Indeed, as Gartung's theory of nonviolence and conflict resolution suggests, conflict is a conflict of irreconcilable interests between parties that can be overcome to reach a deeper agreement.
Guiding Principles of Peace Journalism
The four guiding principles of Peace Journalism are as follows
Check for conflict occurrences. Who are the parties involved? What are your goals; what is the socio-political and cultural context of the conflict? What are the signs of visible and invisible violence?
Avoid dehumanizing the people involved and disclose their interests.
Offer non-violent responses to conflicts and alternatives to militarized/violent solutions.
It reports on non-violent initiatives on the ground and tracks the stages of dissolution, reconstruction and reconciliation.
What does Peace Journalism Involve?
Peace journalism is while editors and newshounds make choices – approximately what to record and the way to record it – that create possibilities for society at massive not to forget and to price non-violent responses to warfare. If readers and audiences are supplied with such possibilities, however, nonetheless determine they decide upon conflict to peace, there may be not anything extra journalism can do approximately it, at the same time as last journalism. On the other hand, there may be no matching dedication to honest listening for violent responses, if handiest, because they seldom battle for an area at the information agenda. Peace journalism, as a remedial approach, tries to complement the information conventions to offer peace a chance.
Explores the backgrounds and contexts of warfare formation, supplying reasons and alternatives on each side (now no longer just 'each side');
Gives voice to the perspectives of all rival parties from all levels;
Offers innovative thoughts for warfare resolution, development, peace-making and peacekeeping;
Exposes lies, cover-up tries, and culprits on all sides, and well-known shows excesses devoted by and struggling inflicted on peoples of all parties;
Pays interest in peace tales and post-conflict developments.
Realism in Peace Journalism
Peace journalism is more realistic because it stays true to the reality that already exists, regardless of our knowledge or imagination. To report violence without context or context is to misrepresent it. Omitting a discussion of it is a distortion. At the same time, there is no one correct version of this reality that everyone agrees on. We receive messages and images (including those conveyed in the news) and insert them into our code to make sense of the world around us.
Meaning is not only created at the point of production or coding. The representation act is not complete until it is received or decoded. Much of what we read, hear and see is familiar, so decoding is often automatic. This is what propaganda relies upon upon, establishing Saddam Hussein as a "bad guy" or a "weapon of mass destruction" as a "threat", forming a prism that tends to see all realities, both subsequent and prior.
Journalism, in general, does not encourage thinking about the decisions it makes for the reasons outlined above, so it is easy to fall prey to such efforts: the famous US "anchor" Walter Cronkite speaks nightly on CBS Evening It endorsed his news and carried the slogan, "That's what it is." How this came about would be an interesting discussion, but it's not something new generally likes to get involved in.
Peace journalism is for truth, and everyone should be. Of course, reporters should be as honest as possible about the facts they encounter. Also, ask how they came to encounter these particular facts and how the facts came to meet them. If so, look for important stories or important parts of stories that would otherwise be missing from the news and figure out how to bring them back. And try to get the rest of us involved in the process. Peace journalism is about "negotiating" our readings, opening multiple meanings, and scrutinizing propaganda and other selfish accounts from the outside. Full of clues and clues to inspire and equip us to do.
Recently, researchers set out to measure the amount of peace journalism going on. There is probably not a single report that has all of his five traits above while avoiding hateful language, labelling, etc. But there are differences, and they are measured. For example, reports in the Philippines, especially those of the country's main newspaper, the Philippine Daily Inquirer, suggest that the government has imported the "war on terrorism" ideology and applied it to the lingering rebels to effectively Interesting in that they are trying to compete.
Proven Positive Impacts of Peace Journalism
Designed to distinguish journalism focused on violence, war and victory (often called "war journalism"), peace journalism shifts the focus from violence to peace and resolution. Peace journalism focuses on truth, stories, people and solution-oriented reporting instead of violence, propaganda, elites and victory ideologies.
Research shows that peace journalism has a significant impact on audiences. Note that individuals show less bias after exposure to journalism focusing on peace rather than war. Peace journalism has been found to reduce audiences' potential for 'black and white' thinking and reduce 'good vs evil' analysis of conflict. Audiences also show increased sensitivity to conflict, a more nuanced understanding of issues, higher levels of hope and empathy, and lower levels of fear and anger.
The term peace journalism derives from Johann Galtung's work and aims to change the attitudes of peacebuilders, peacekeepers, media owners, advertisers, professionals, etc. He defined a normative model of media coverage of war and peace. Johan Galtung distinguished his two forms of conflict reporting. In short, peace journalism refers to the level of choice in what and how it is reported, aimed at creating opportunities for society to consider and evaluate non-violent responses to conflict.
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