Give a brief description on human body parts like pancreas salavary gland etc


The pancreas is an organ located in the abdomen. It plays an essential role in converting the food we eat into fuel for the body's cells. The pancreas has two main functions: an exocrine function that helps in digestion and an endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.

During digestion, the pancreas makes pancreatic juices called enzymes. These enzymes break down sugars, fats, and starches. Pancreas also helps the digestive system by making hormones. These are chemical messengers that travel through your blood.

The salivary glands produce saliva, which keeps the mouth and other parts of the digestive system moist. It also helps break down carbohydrates (with salivary amylase, formerly known as ptyalin) and lubricates the passage of food down from the oro-pharynx to the esophagus to the stomach.

There are three types of salivary glands

a)parotid glands produce a serous, watery secretion.

b)submaxillary (mandibular) glands produce a mixed serous and mucous secretion.

c)sublingual glands secrete saliva that is predominantly mucous in character.


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Updated on: 31-Mar-2023

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