(a) What is a food chain? Give one example of a simple food chain.(b) What is a ‘food web’? Show its formation.

(a) The sequence of living organisms in a community in which one organism consumes other organisms to transfer food energy is called a food chain.

The simple food chain operating in  grassland is:

$Plants (Producer) \rightarrow Deer (Herbivore) \rightarrow Lion(Carnivore)$

(b) The interconnected food chains operating in an ecosystem that establish a network of relationships between various species is called a food web.


In this food web, we can see a network of numerous pathways along which the food flows within the grassland community.

This food web starts from the plants which is a producer and end in top carnivore hawk.


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