(a) What are gametes?(b) In which sort of reproduction are gametes involved?(c) What is formed when two gametes fuse?(d) What is this act of fusion called?

(a) The sex cells or reproductive cells, which fuse together to reproduce a new organism, are called gametes.

(b) Gametes are involved in sexual reproduction.

Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of male and female gametes to form a zygote, i.e. it involves the process of fertilization. The offspring receives genetic information from both the parents.
Example- All the mammals such as Humans, Cow, Dog, Cat, etc. follow sexual reproduction. "[Extra information for reference only]"

(c) When two gametes fuse, a zygote is formed. 

A zygote is a fertilized egg cell which forms by the union of a female gamete (egg, or ovum) with a male gamete (sperm). "[Extra information for reference only]"

(d) The act of fusion of gametes is called fertilisation.

Fertilization is the process in which the nuclei of the egg and sperm unite together in the fallopian tube to form a single-celled zygote. "[Extra information for reference only]"


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 23-Mar-2023


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