Mobile Angular UI - Scrollable Areas


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There are issues faced on some devices for fixed positioned elements. To work with scrollable areas Mobile Angular UI makes use of overflow:auto.

The template for scrollable area is as follows −

<div class="scrollable">
   <div class="scrollable-content">...</div>
</div>

Adding Headers and Footers in Scrollable Areas

Adding css classes .scrollable-header/.scrollable-footer, we will add fixed header/footer to the scrollable area you want. You do not have to take any trouble about the height and positioning, the css will take care of everything.

Template for header/footer is shown below −

<div class="scrollable">
   <div class="scrollable-header"><!-- ... --></div>
   <div class="scrollable-content"><!-- ... --></div>
   <div class="scrollable-footer"><!-- ... --></div>
</div>

Directives in Scrollable Areas

Following are the directives that are very helpful when working with scrollable areas −

uiScrollTop − To be used when you want to do something when the scroll reaches at the top. For e.g ui-scroll-top="callyourfunc()".

uiScrollBottom − To be used when you want to do something when the scroll reaches at the bottom. For e.g ui-scroll-bottom="callyourfunc()".

uiScrollableHeader − To be used when you want to do something when the scroll reaches the header. For e.g ui-scroll-header="callyourfunc()".

uiScrollableFooter − To be used when you want to do something when the scroll reaches the footer. For e.g ui-scroll-footer="callyourfunc()".

An example of uiScrollBottom directive −

<div class="scrollable">
   <div class="scrollable-content section" ui-scroll-bottom="callyourfunc()">
      <ul>
         <li ng-repeat="a in lists">
            {{a.name}}
         </li>
      </ul>
   </div>
</div>

Here is a working example of Scrollable Areas.

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <meta charset="utf-8" />
      <title>Mobile Angular UI Demo</title>
      <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1" />
      <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes" />
      <meta name="viewport" content="user-scalable=no, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, minimal-ui" />
      <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style" content="yes" />
      <link rel="shortcut icon" href="/assets/img/favicon.png" type="image/x-icon" />
      <link rel="stylesheet" href="node_modules/mobile-angular-ui/dist/css/mobile-angular-ui-hover.min.css" />
      <link rel="stylesheet" href="node_modules/mobile-angular-ui/dist/css/mobile-angular-ui-base.min.css" />
      <link rel="stylesheet" href="node_modules/mobile-angular-ui/dist/css/mobile-angular-ui-desktop.min.css" />
      <script src="node_modules/angular/angular.min.js"></script>
      <script src="node_modules/angular-route/angular-route.min.js"></script>
      <script src="node_modules/mobile-angular-ui/dist/js/mobile-angular-ui.min.js"></script>
      <script src="node_modules/angular-route/angular-route.min.js"></script>
      <script src="node_modules/mobile-angular-ui/dist/js/mobile-angular-ui.gestures.min.js"></script>
      <link rel="stylesheet" href="src/css/app.css" />
      <script src="src/js/app.js"></script>
   </head>
   
   <body ng-app="myFirstApp" ng-controller="MainController">
      
      <!-- Sidebars -->
      <div class="sidebar sidebar-left">
         <div class="scrollable">
            <h1 class="scrollable-header app-name">Tutorials</h1>
            <div class="scrollable-content">
               <div class="list-group" ui-turn-off='uiSidebarLeft'>
                  <a class="list-group-item" href="/">Home Page </a>
                  <a class="list-group-item" href="#/academic"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>Academic Tutorials </a>
                  <a class="list-group-item" href="#/bigdata"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>Big Data & Analytics </a>
                  <a class="list-group-item" href="#/computerProg"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>Computer Programming </a>
                  <a class="list-group-item" href="#/computerscience"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>Computer Science </a>
                  <a class="list-group-item" href="#/databases"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>Databases </a>
                  <a class="list-group-item" href="#/devops"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>DevOps </a>
               </div>
            </div>
         </div>
      </div>
      <div class="sidebar sidebar-right">
         <div class="scrollable">
            <h1 class="scrollable-header app-name">eBooks</h1>
            <div class="scrollable-content">
               <div class="list-group" ui-toggle="uiSidebarRight">
               <a class="list-group-item" href="#/php"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>PHP </a>
               <a class="list-group-item" href="#/Javascript"><i class="fa fa-caret-right"></i>Javascript </a>
            </div>
         </div>
      </div>
   </div>

   <div class="app">

      <div class="navbar navbar-app navbar-absolute-top">
         <div class="navbar-brand navbar-brand-center" ui-yield-to="title">
            TutorialsPoint
         </div>
         <div class="btn-group pull-left">
            <div ui-toggle="uiSidebarLeft" class="btn sidebar-left-toggle">
               <i class="fa fa-th-large "></i> Tutorials
            </div>
         </div>
         <div class="btn-group pull-right" ui-yield-to="navbarAction">
            <div ui-toggle="uiSidebarRight" class="btn sidebar-right-toggle">
               <i class="fal fa-search"></i> eBooks
            </div>
         </div>
      </div>
      <div class="navbar navbar-app navbar-absolute-bottom">
         <div class="btn-group justified">
            <a ui-turn-on="aboutus_modal" class="btn btn-navbar"><i class="fal fa-globe"></i> About us</a>
            <a ui-turn-on="contactus_overlay" class="btn btn-navbar"><i class="fal fa-map-marker-alt"></i> Contact us</a>
         </div>
      </div>

      <!-- App body -->
      <div class='app-body'>
         <div class='app-content'>
            <ng-view></ng-view>
         </div>
      </div>
   </div><!-- ~ .app -->
   <!-- Modals and Overlays -->
   <div ui-yield-to="modals"></div>
   
   </body>
</html>

src/js/app.js

/* eslint no-alert: 0 */

'use strict';

//
// Here is how to define your module
// has dependent on mobile-angular-ui
//
var app=angular.module('myFirstApp', [
   'ngRoute',
   'mobile-angular-ui',
   'mobile-angular-ui.gestures'
]);
app.config(function($routeProvider, $locationProvider) {
   $routeProvider
   .when("/", {
      templateUrl : "src/home/home.html"
   });
   $locationProvider.html5Mode({enabled:true, requireBase:false});
});
app.directive('dragItem', ['$drag', function($drag) {
   return {
      controller: function($scope, $element) {
         $drag.bind($element,
            {
               transform: $drag.TRANSLATE_BOTH,
               end: function(drag) {
                  drag.reset();
               }
            },
            {
               sensitiveArea: $element.parent()
            }
         );
      }
   };
}]);
app.controller('MainController', function($rootScope, $scope, $routeParams) {
   $scope.msg="Welcome to Tutorialspoint!"
   $scope.js="JavaScript is a lightweight, interpreted programming language. It is designed 
   for creating network-centric applications. It is 
   complimentary to and integrated with Java. 
   JavaScript is very easy to implement because it 
   is integrated with HTML. It is open and cross-platform.";
   $scope.angularjs="AngularJS is a very powerful JavaScript Framework. It is used in Single Page 
   Application (SPA) projects. It extends HTML DOM 
   with additional attributes and makes it more 
   responsive to user actions. AngularJS is open 
   source, completely free, and used by thousands of 
   developers around the world. It is licensed under the Apache license version 2.0.";
   $scope.reactjs="React is a front-end library developed by Facebook. It is used for handling 
   the view layer for web and mobile apps. ReactJS 
   allows us to create reusable UI components. It is 
   currently one of the most popular JavaScript 
   libraries and has a strong foundation and large community behind it.";
   var storyList=[];

   for (var i=1; i <= 100; i++) {
      storyList.push('My story no ' + i);
   }

   $scope.storylist=storyList;
   $scope.bottom=function() {
      alert('End of the stories');
   };
});

src/home/home.html

<div class="scrollable">
   <div class="scrollable-header">My Stories List</div>
   <div class="scrollable-content" ui-scroll-bottom="bottom()">
      <div class="list-group">
         <a ng-repeat="item in storylist" href="" class="list-group-item">
            {{ item }} <i class="fa fa-chevron-right pull-right"></i>
         </a>
      </div>
   </div>
   <div class="scrollable-footer">End of the Stories</div>
</div>

Following is the display in the browser −

Scrollable
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