Lucene - TermQuery


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TermQuery is the most commonly-used query object and is the foundation of many complex queries that Lucene can make use of. It is used to retrieve documents based on the key which is case sensitive.

Class Declaration

Following is the declaration for the org.apache.lucene.search.TermQuery class −

public class TermQuery
   extends Query

Class Constructors

The following table shows a class constructor −

S.No. Constructor & Description
1

TermQuery(Term t)

Constructs a query for the term t.

Class Methods

The following table shows the different class methods −

S.No. Method & Description
1

void addDocument(Document doc)

Adds a document to this index.

2

Weight createWeight(Searcher searcher)

Expert: Constructs an appropriate Weight implementation for this query.

3

boolean equals(Object o)

Returns true if object o is equal to this.

4

void extractTerms(Set<Term> terms)

Expert: Adds all terms occurring in this query to the terms set.

5

Term getTerm()

Returns the term of this query.

6

int hashCode()

Returns a hash code value for this object.

7

String toString(String field)

Prints a user-readable version of this query.

Methods Inherited

This class inherits methods from the following classes −

  • org.apache.lucene.search.Query
  • java.lang.Object

Usage

private void searchUsingTermQuery(
   String searchQuery)throws IOException, ParseException {
   searcher = new Searcher(indexDir);
   long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
   
   //create a term to search file name
   Term term = new Term(LuceneConstants.FILE_NAME, searchQuery);
   //create the term query object
   Query query = new TermQuery(term);
   //do the search
   TopDocs hits = searcher.search(query);
   long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

   System.out.println(hits.totalHits +
      " documents found. Time :" + (endTime - startTime) + "ms");
   for(ScoreDoc scoreDoc : hits.scoreDocs) {
      Document doc = searcher.getDocument(scoreDoc);
      System.out.println("File: "+ doc.get(LuceneConstants.FILE_PATH));
   }
   searcher.close();
}

Example Application

To test search using TermQuery, let us create a test Lucene application.

Step Description
1

Create a project with a name LuceneFirstApplication under a packagecom.tutorialspoint.lucene as explained in the Lucene - First Application chapter. You can also use the project created in Lucene - First Application chapter as such for this chapter to understand the searching process.

2

Create LuceneConstants.java and Searcher.java as explained in the Lucene - First Application chapter. Keep the rest of the files unchanged.

3

Create LuceneTester.java as mentioned below.

4

Clean and Build the application to make sure business logic is working as per the requirements.

LuceneConstants.java

This class is used to provide various constants to be used across the sample application.

package com.tutorialspoint.lucene;

public class LuceneConstants {
   public static final String CONTENTS = "contents";
   public static final String FILE_NAME = "filename";
   public static final String FILE_PATH = "filepath";
   public static final int MAX_SEARCH = 10;
}

Searcher.java

This class is used to read the indexes made on raw data and searches data using the Lucene library.

package com.tutorialspoint.lucene;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.lucene.analysis.standard.StandardAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Document;
import org.apache.lucene.index.CorruptIndexException;
import org.apache.lucene.queryParser.ParseException;
import org.apache.lucene.queryParser.QueryParser;
import org.apache.lucene.search.IndexSearcher;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Query;
import org.apache.lucene.search.ScoreDoc;
import org.apache.lucene.search.TopDocs;
import org.apache.lucene.store.Directory;
import org.apache.lucene.store.FSDirectory;
import org.apache.lucene.util.Version;

public class Searcher {
	
   IndexSearcher indexSearcher;
   QueryParser queryParser;
   Query query;

   public Searcher(String indexDirectoryPath) throws IOException {
      Directory indexDirectory = 
         FSDirectory.open(new File(indexDirectoryPath));
      indexSearcher = new IndexSearcher(indexDirectory);
      queryParser = new QueryParser(Version.LUCENE_36,
         LuceneConstants.CONTENTS,
         new StandardAnalyzer(Version.LUCENE_36));
   }

   public TopDocs search( String searchQuery) 
      throws IOException, ParseException {
      query = queryParser.parse(searchQuery);
      return indexSearcher.search(query, LuceneConstants.MAX_SEARCH);
   }
   
   public TopDocs search(Query query) throws IOException, ParseException {
      return indexSearcher.search(query, LuceneConstants.MAX_SEARCH);
   }

   public Document getDocument(ScoreDoc scoreDoc) 
      throws CorruptIndexException, IOException {
      return indexSearcher.doc(scoreDoc.doc);	
   }

   public void close() throws IOException {
      indexSearcher.close();
   }
}

LuceneTester.java

This class is used to test the searching capability of the Lucene library.

package com.tutorialspoint.lucene;

import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.lucene.document.Document;
import org.apache.lucene.index.Term;
import org.apache.lucene.queryParser.ParseException;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Query;
import org.apache.lucene.search.ScoreDoc;
import org.apache.lucene.search.TermQuery;
import org.apache.lucene.search.TopDocs;

public class LuceneTester {
	
   String indexDir = "E:\\Lucene\\Index";
   String dataDir = "E:\\Lucene\\Data";
   Searcher searcher;

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      LuceneTester tester;
      try {
         tester = new LuceneTester();
         tester.searchUsingTermQuery("record4.txt");
      } catch (IOException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      } catch (ParseException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }

   private void searchUsingTermQuery(
      String searchQuery)throws IOException, ParseException {
      searcher = new Searcher(indexDir);
      long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
      
      //create a term to search file name
      Term term = new Term(LuceneConstants.FILE_NAME, searchQuery);
      //create the term query object
      Query query = new TermQuery(term);
      //do the search
      TopDocs hits = searcher.search(query);
      long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

      System.out.println(hits.totalHits +
         " documents found. Time :" + (endTime - startTime) + "ms");
      for(ScoreDoc scoreDoc : hits.scoreDocs) {
         Document doc = searcher.getDocument(scoreDoc);
         System.out.println("File: "+ doc.get(LuceneConstants.FILE_PATH));
      }
      searcher.close();
   }
}

Data & Index Directory Creation

I've used 10 text files from record1.txt to record10.txt containing names and other details of the students and put them in the directory E:\Lucene\Data. Test Data. An index directory path should be created as E:\Lucene\Index. After running the indexing program in the chapter Lucene - Indexing Process, you can see the list of index files created in that folder.

Running the Program

Once you are done with the creation of the source, the raw data, the data directory, the index directory and the indexes, you can proceed by compiling and running your program. To do this, keep the LuceneTester.Java file tab active and use either the Run option available in the Eclipse IDE or use Ctrl + F11 to compile and run your LuceneTester application. If your application runs successfully, it will print the following message in Eclipse IDE's console −

1 documents found. Time :13 ms
File: E:\Lucene\Data\record4.txt

lucene_query_programming.htm

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