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Learn How to Setup Email Services using Postfix in Linux
There are a number of reasons why you would want to set up your own Linux mail server. These days more people than ever are compelled to get their email fixed – if it ever fails. Postfix is an MTA (Mail switch Agent), a software used to send and receive mail. It is Wietse Venema’s mail server that began life at IBM research alternatively to the largely used Sendmail application. Now at Google, Wietse continues to support Postfix. This article explains about – How to setup Email Services using postfix in Linux.
To install Postfix and test mail utilities, use the following command –
$ sudo apt-get install mailutils
The sample output should be like this-
Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: linux-headers-4.4.0-53 linux-headers-4.4.0-53-generic linux-image-4.4.0-53-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-53-generic linux-signed-image-4.4.0-53-generic Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them. The following additional packages will be installed: libgsasl7 libkyotocabinet16v5 libmailutils4 libntlm0 mailutils-common postfix Suggested packages: mailutils-mh mailutils-doc procmail postfix-mysql postfix-pgsql postfix-ldap postfix-pcre sasl2-bin dovecot-common postfix-cdb postfix-doc The following NEW packages will be installed: libgsasl7 libkyotocabinet16v5 libmailutils4 libntlm0 mailutils mailutils-common postfix
While installation process is going on, it will promote the following screen to configure postfix-
Click on ok button to move ahead. Now it will promote the following screen to configure general type of mail configuration as shown below –
Select internet site and click on Ok button. By default, it takes the system name as system mail name as shown in the below screen –
Change the system mail name according to the requirement. For instance, we have taken as tutorialspoint.com as system mail name. Now click on ok button. After completing the installation process, you are required to configure postfix. To do that, open the configure file using the following command.
$sudo nano /etc/postfix/main.cf
The sample output should be like this –
# See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version # Debian specific: Specifying a file name will cause the first # line of that file to be used as the name. The Debian default # is /etc/mailname. #myorigin = /etc/mailname smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu) biff = no # appending .domain is the MUA's job. append_dot_mydomain = no # Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings #delay_warning_time = 4h readme_directory = no
Now look up for
inet_interfaces = all and rechange it as
inet_interfaces = loopback-only.The sample output should be like this –
mailbox_size_limit = 0 recipient_delimiter = + inet_interfaces = loopback-only inet_protocols = all
Save the file by clicking Ctrl+O and close the file by clicking Ctrl+X.Now restart Postfix using the following command –
$ sudo service postfix restart
To get the more information about postfix, use the following command –
$ man postfix
The sample output should be like this –
POSTFIX(1) General Commands Manual POSTFIX(1) NAME postfix - Postfix control program SYNOPSIS postfix [-Dv] [-c config_dir] command DESCRIPTION This command is reserved for the superuser. To submit mail, use the Postfix sendmail(1) command. The postfix(1) command controls the operation of the Postfix mail sys‐ tem: start or stop the master(8) daemon, do a health check, and other maintenance. By default, the postfix(1) command sets up a standardized environment and runs the postfix-script shell script to do the actual work. However, when support for multiple Postfix instances is configured, postfix(1) executes the command specified with the multi_instance_wrap‐ per configuration parameter. This command will execute the command for each applicable Postfix instance.
Using the following command to send the mail using Postfix as shown blow –
echo "Tutorials Point originated from the idea that there exists a class of readers who respond better to online content and prefer to learn new skills at their own pace from the comforts of their drawing rooms." | mail -s "About us" firstname.lastname@example.org
Now check your inbox or spam folder to verify mail.The sample output of above mail should be like this –
In the above article, we have learnt about – Learn how to setup Email Services using postfix in Linux. In our next articles, we will come up with more Linux based tricks and tips. Keep reading!
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