# JavaScript - The Math Object

The **math** object provides you properties and methods for mathematical constants and functions. Unlike other global objects, **Math** is not a constructor. All the properties and methods of **Math** are static and can be called by using Math as an object without creating it.

Thus, you refer to the constant **pi** as **Math.PI** and you call the *sine* function as **Math.sin(x)**, where x is the method's argument.

### Syntax

The syntax to call the properties and methods of Math are as follows

var pi_val = Math.PI; var sine_val = Math.sin(30);

## Math Properties

Here is a list of all the properties of Math and their description.

Sr.No | Property & Description |
---|---|

1 | E \
Euler's constant and the base of natural logarithms, approximately 2.718. |

2 | LN2
Natural logarithm of 2, approximately 0.693. |

3 | LN10
Natural logarithm of 10, approximately 2.302. |

4 | LOG2E
Base 2 logarithm of E, approximately 1.442. |

5 | LOG10E
Base 10 logarithm of E, approximately 0.434. |

6 | PI
Ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, approximately 3.14159. |

7 | SQRT1_2
Square root of 1/2; equivalently, 1 over the square root of 2, approximately 0.707. |

8 | SQRT2
Square root of 2, approximately 1.414. |

In the following sections, we will have a few examples to demonstrate the usage of Math properties.

## Math Methods

Here is a list of the methods associated with Math object and their description

Sr.No | Method & Description |
---|---|

1 | abs()
Returns the absolute value of a number. |

2 | acos()
Returns the arccosine (in radians) of a number. |

3 | asin()
Returns the arcsine (in radians) of a number. |

4 | atan()
Returns the arctangent (in radians) of a number. |

5 | atan2()
Returns the arctangent of the quotient of its arguments. |

6 | ceil()
Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to a number. |

7 | cos()
Returns the cosine of a number. |

8 | exp()
Returns E |

9 | floor()
Returns the largest integer less than or equal to a number. |

10 | log()
Returns the natural logarithm (base E) of a number. |

11 | max()
Returns the largest of zero or more numbers. |

12 | min()
Returns the smallest of zero or more numbers. |

13 | pow()
Returns base to the exponent power, that is, base exponent. |

14 | random()
Returns a pseudo-random number between 0 and 1. |

15 | round()
Returns the value of a number rounded to the nearest integer. |

16 | sin()
Returns the sine of a number. |

17 | sqrt()
Returns the square root of a number. |

18 | tan()
Returns the tangent of a number. |

19 | toSource()
Returns the string "Math". |

In the following sections, we will have a few examples to demonstrate the usage of the methods associated with Math.