How to match two string vectors if the strings case is different in both the vectors in R?

R ProgrammingServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

We know that, R is a case sensitive programming language, hence matching strings of different case is not simple. For example, if a vector contains tutorialspoint and the other contains TUTORIALSPOINT then to check whether the strings match or not, we cannot use match function directly. To do this, we have to convert the lowercase string to uppercase or uppercase to lowercase with the match function.

Examples

 Live Demo

> x1<-sample(letters[1:26],100,replace=TRUE)
> x1

Output

[1] "z" "v" "r" "y" "z" "l" "v" "t" "f" "p" "p" "z" "e" "b" "a" "o" "m" "d"
[19] "e" "l" "y" "y" "u" "u" "w" "b" "a" "j" "n" "v" "b" "q" "b" "d" "l" "a"
[37] "g" "g" "g" "o" "k" "r" "q" "e" "x" "i" "r" "l" "b" "r" "j" "k" "b" "f"
[55] "r" "f" "r" "n" "y" "y" "l" "k" "y" "s" "b" "a" "s" "f" "a" "l" "j" "i"
[73] "q" "o" "t" "v" "t" "r" "i" "x" "s" "q" "h" "t" "y" "k" "a" "h" "e" "m"
[91] "u" "d" "q" "i" "h" "x" "k" "j" "p" "h"

Example

 Live Demo

> x2<-sample(LETTERS[1:10],100,replace=TRUE)
> x2

Output

[1] "E" "C" "F" "F" "A" "H" "E" "F" "D" "F" "J" "G" "G" "D" "E" "G" "G" "F"
[19] "A" "C" "C" "H" "E" "G" "H" "A" "B" "A" "H" "G" "D" "J" "G" "C" "D" "I"
[37] "F" "B" "D" "D" "C" "D" "E" "D" "B" "E" "E" "H" "D" "D" "I" "B" "I" "J"
[55] "C" "C" "H" "D" "B" "D" "F" "F" "D" "F" "E" "B" "F" "J" "D" "B" "G" "J"
[73] "G" "C" "E" "A" "I" "B" "D" "A" "G" "G" "F" "D" "E" "E" "G" "I" "D" "D"
[91] "I" "E" "J" "D" "E" "B" "C" "A" "I" "C"
> match(x1,tolower(x2))

Output

[1] NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3 NA NA NA 1 27 5 NA NA 9 1 NA NA NA
NA NA NA
[26] 27 5 11 NA NA 27 NA 27 9 NA 5 12 12 12 NA NA NA NA 1 NA 36 NA NA 27
NA
[51] 11 NA 27 3 NA 3 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 27 5 NA 3 5 NA 11 36 NA
NA NA
[76] NA NA NA 36 NA NA NA 6 NA NA NA 5 6 1 NA NA 9 NA 36 6 NA NA 11
NA 6
> x3<-c("AK", "AL", "AR", "AS", "AZ", "CA", "CO", "CT", "DC", "DE", "FL", "GA",
"GU", "HI", "IA", "ID", "IL", "IN", "KS", "KY", "LA", "MA", "MD", "ME", "MI",
"MN", "MO", "MP", "MS", "MT", "NC", "ND", "NE", "NH", "NJ", "NM", "NV", "NY",
"OH", "OK", "OR", "PA", "PR", "RI", "SC", "SD", "TN", "TX", "UM", "UT", "VA",
"VI", "VT", "WA", "WI", "WV", "WY")
> x3
[1] "AK" "AL" "AR" "AS" "AZ" "CA" "CO" "CT" "DC" "DE" "FL" "GA" "GU" "HI"
"IA"
[16] "ID" "IL" "IN" "KS" "KY" "LA" "MA" "MD" "ME" "MI" "MN" "MO" "MP" "MS"
"MT"
[31] "NC" "ND" "NE" "NH" "NJ" "NM" "NV" "NY" "OH" "OK" "OR" "PA" "PR" "RI"
"SC"
[46] "SD" "TN" "TX" "UM" "UT" "VA" "VI" "VT" "WA" "WI" "WV" "WY"
> x4<-c("ak", "al", "ar", "as", "az", "ca", "co", "ct", "dc", "de", "fl", "ga", "gu", "hi", "ia",
"id", "il", "in", "ks", "ky", "la", "ma", "md", "me", "mi", "mn", "mo", "mp", "ms", "mt",
"nc", "nd", "ne", "nh", "nj", "nm", "nv", "ny", "oh", "ok", "or", "pa", "pr", "ri", "sc", "sd",
"tn", "tx", "um", "ut", "va", "vi", "vt", "wa", "wi", "wv", "wy")
> x4
[1] "ak" "al" "ar" "as" "az" "ca" "co" "ct" "dc" "de" "fl" "ga" "gu" "hi" "ia"
[16] "id" "il" "in" "ks" "ky" "la" "ma" "md" "me" "mi" "mn" "mo" "mp" "ms" "mt"
[31] "nc" "nd" "ne" "nh" "nj" "nm" "nv" "ny" "oh" "ok" "or" "pa" "pr" "ri" "sc"
[46] "sd" "tn" "tx" "um" "ut" "va" "vi" "vt" "wa" "wi" "wv" "wy"
> length(x4)
[1] 57
> length(x3)
[1] 57
> match(x3,toupper(x4))

Output

[1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
[26] 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
[51] 51 52 53 54 55 56 57
> match(LETTERS[1:20],toupper(c(letters[1:26])))

Output

[1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
> match(LETTERS[1:20],toupper(c(letters[1:10])))

Output

[1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
> match(LETTERS[10:1],toupper(c(letters[1:10])))

Output

[1] 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
> match(sample(LETTERS[10:1],50,replace=TRUE),toupper(c(letters[1:10])))

Output

[1] 2 10 8 7 10 8 4 8 2 7 10 3 5 5 4 6 4 10 7 3 7 1 1 3 10
[26] 3 7 4 3 7 5 4 5 2 7 4 5 1 5 7 2 4 4 2 8 8 9 5 1 2
> match(sample(letters[26:1],50,replace=TRUE),tolower(c(LETTERS[1:20])))

Output

[1] 8 2 18 15 15 14 11 13 18 5 9 13 14 20 18 15 4 14 5 NA NA 5 NA 8 17
[26] 5 16 3 4 9 NA 5 16 17 16 6 12 1 2 NA NA 8 16 9 NA 14 NA 11 16 15
> match(sample(c("india","russia","china","uk"),50,replace=TRUE),tolower(c("INDIA","R
USSIA","CHINA")))

Output

[1] NA 3 2 1 3 1 NA NA NA 2 NA 3 3 3 1 NA NA 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 2
[26] 3 3 NA 3 3 2 NA 3 1 NA 3 NA 3 1 NA 3 NA NA NA NA 3 NA 2 NA NA
raja
Published on 04-Sep-2020 11:23:05
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