Difference between Router and Switch

Computer EngineeringComputer NetworkMCA

Router and Switch are both network connecting devices. Router works at network layer and is responsibe to find the shortest path for a packet whereas Switch connects various devices in a network. Router connects devices across multiple networks.

Following are the important differences between Router and Switch.

Sr. No.KeyRouterSwitch
1ObjectiveRouter main objective is to connect various networks.Switch main objective is to connect various devices in a network.
2LayerRouter works in Network Layer.Switch works in Data Link Layer.
3UsageRouter is used in LAN and MAN.Switch is used only in LAN.
4Data FormatRouter sends data in form of packets.Switch sends data in form of packets and frames.
5Mode of TransmissionRouter follows duplex mode of transmission.Switch also follows duplex mode of transmission.
6CollisionLess collision in case of Router.In full duplex mode, no collision happens in switch too.
7NAT CompatabilityCompatible with NAT.Not compatible with NAT.
8TypeRouting type is Adaptive and Non-adaptive routing.Switching type is Circuit, Packet and Message switching.
Published on 26-Nov-2019 12:03:35