C++ Map Library - size() Function


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Description

The C++ function std::map::size() returns the number of elements present in the map.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for std::map::size() function form std::map header.

C++98

size_type size() const;

C++11

size_type size() const noexcept;

Parameters

None

Return value

Returns the actual objects present in map.

Exceptions

This member function never throws exception.

Time complexity

Constant i.e. O(1)

Example

The following example shows the usage of std::map::size() function.

#include <iostream>
#include <map>

using namespace std;

int main(void) {
   map<char, int> m;

   cout << "Initial size of map = " << m.size() << endl;

   m = {
      {'a', 1},
      {'b', 2},
      {'c', 3},
      {'d', 4},
      {'e', 5},
      };

     cout << "Size of map after inserting elements = " << m.size() << endl;

   return 0;
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result −

Initial size of map = 0
Size of map after inserting elements = 5
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