C++ Algorithm Library - generate_n() Function


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Description

The C++ function std::algorithm::generate_n() assigns the value returned by successive calls to gen to the first n elements of the sequence pointed by the first.

Declaration

Following is the declaration for std::algorithm::generate_n() function form std::algorithm header.

C++98

template <class OutputIterator, class Size, class Generator>
void generate_n(OutputIterator first, Size n, Generator gen);

Parameters

  • first − Output iterator to the initial position.

  • n − Number of values to generate.

  • gen − Generator function that is called with no arguments and returns some value.

Return value

None

Exceptions

Throws exception if either gen function or the element assignment or an operation on an iterator throws exception.

Please note that invalid parameters cause undefined behavior.

Time complexity

Linear.

Example

The following example shows the usage of std::algorithm::generate_n() function.

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

int main(void) {
   int arr[10] = {0};

   /* assign value to only first 5 elements */
   generate_n(arr, 5, rand);

   cout << "First five random numbers are" << endl;

   for (int i = 0; i < 10; ++i)
      cout << arr[i] << endl;

   return 0;
}

Let us compile and run the above program, this will produce the following result −

First five random numbers are
1804289383
846930886
1681692777
1714636915
1957747793
0
0
0
0
0
algorithm.htm
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