Convert the undirected graph into directed graph such that there is no path of length greater than 1 in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this tutorial, we will be discussing a program to convert the undirected graph into a directed graph such that there is no path of length greater than 1.

For this we will be provided with an undirected graph. Our task is to convert that graph into a direct one given no path has a length greater than 1.

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define N 100005
//storing the graph
vector<int> gr[N];
//storing colour of each vertex
int colour[N];
vector<pair<int, int> > edges;
bool bip;
//adding edges to the graph
void add_edge(int x, int y){
   gr[x].push_back(y);
   gr[y].push_back(x);
   edges.push_back(make_pair(x, y));
}
//checking if the given graph
//is bipartite
void dfs(int x, int col){
   colour[x] = col;
   //moving to the child vertices
   for (auto i : gr[x]) {
      if (colour[i] == -1)
         dfs(i, col ^ 1);
      //if child and parent having
      //same branch
      else if (colour[i] == col)
         bip = false;
   }
}
//converting into direct graph
void convert_directed(int n, int m){
   memset(colour, -1, sizeof colour);
   bip = true;
   //calling bipartite function
   dfs(1, 1);
   if (!bip) {
      cout << -1;
      return;
   }
   //if bipartite is possible
   for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
      if (colour[edges[i].first] == 0)
         swap(edges[i].first, edges[i].second);
      cout << edges[i].first << " " << edges[i].second << endl;
   }
}
int main(){
   int n = 4, m = 3;
   add_edge(1, 2);
   add_edge(1, 3);
   add_edge(1, 4);
   convert_directed(n, m);
   return 0;
}

Output

1 2
1 3
1 4
raja
Published on 22-Jan-2020 07:44:14
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