Check if a given Binary Tree is Heap in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a binary tree; we have to check whether it is heap or not. The heap has following property: Heap will be a binary tree That tree should be a complete tree (So. all levels except last should be full). Every nodes value of that tree should be greater than or equal to its child node (max-heap).

So, if the input is like

then the output will be true

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Define a function number_of_nodes() . This will take root
  • if root is null, then
    • return 0
  • otherwise,
    • return(1 + number_of_nodes(root.left) + number_of_nodes(root.right))
  • Define a function has_heap_property() . This will take root
  • if root.left is null and root.right is null, then
    • return True
  • if root.right is null, then
    • return true when root.val >= root.left.val
  • otherwise,
    • if (root.val >= root.left.val and root.val >= root.right.val, then
      • return(has_heap_property(root.left) and has_heap_property(root.right))
    • otherwise,
      • return False
  • Define a function is_complete_tree() . This will take root,index, node_count
  • if root is null, then
    • return True
  • if index >= node_count, then
    • return False
  • return(is_complete_tree(root.left, 2 * index + 1, node_count) and is_complete_tree(root.right, 2 * index + 2, node_count))
  • From the main method do the following −
  • node_count := number_of_nodes()
  • if is_complete_tree(root, 0, node_count) and has_heap_property(root) is non-zero, then
    • return True
  • otherwise,
    • return False

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

 Live Demo

class TreeNode:
   def __init__(self, value):
      self.val = value
      self.left = None
      self.right = None
   def number_of_nodes(self, root):
      if root is None:
         return 0
      else:
         return (1 + self.number_of_nodes(root.left) + self.number_of_nodes(root.right))
   def has_heap_property(self, root):
      if (root.left is None and root.right is None):
         return True
      if root.right is None:
         return root.val >= root.left.val
      else:
         if (root.val >= root.left.val and
            root.val >= root.right.val):
            return (self.has_heap_property(root.left) and self.has_heap_property(root.right))
         else:
            return False
   def is_complete_tree(self, root,index, node_count):
      if root is None:
         return True
      if index >= node_count:
         return False
      return (self.is_complete_tree(root.left, 2 * index + 1, node_count) and self.is_complete_tree(root.right, 2 * index + 2, node_count))
   def is_heap(self):
      node_count = self.number_of_nodes(self)
      if (self.is_complete_tree(self, 0, node_count) and self.has_heap_property(self)):
         return True
      else:
         return False
root = TreeNode(99)
root.left = TreeNode(46)
root.right = TreeNode(39)
root.left.left = TreeNode(14)
root.left.right = TreeNode(5)
root.right.left = TreeNode(9)
root.right.right = TreeNode(33)
root.left.left.left = TreeNode(7)
root.left.left.right = TreeNode(12)
print(root.is_heap())

Input

root = TreeNode(99)
root.left = TreeNode(46)
root.right = TreeNode(39)
root.left.left = TreeNode(14)
root.left.right = TreeNode(5)
root.right.left = TreeNode(9)
root.right.right = TreeNode(33)
root.left.left.left = TreeNode(7)
root.left.left.right = TreeNode(12)

Output

True
raja
Published on 27-Aug-2020 16:43:42
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