Apache Kafka - Installation Steps

Following are the steps for installing Java on your machine.

Step 1 - Verifying Java Installation

Hopefully you have already installed java on your machine right now, so you just verify it using the following command.

$ java -version

If java is successfully installed on your machine, you could see the version of the installed Java.

Step 1.1 - Download JDK

If Java is not downloaded, please download the latest version of JDK by visiting the following link and download latest version.


Now the latest version is JDK 8u 60 and the file is “jdk-8u60-linux-x64.tar.gz”. Please download the file on your machine.

Step 1.2 - Extract Files

Generally, files being downloaded are stored in the downloads folder, verify it and extract the tar setup using the following commands.

$ cd /go/to/download/path
$ tar -zxf jdk-8u60-linux-x64.gz

Step 1.3 - Move to Opt Directory

To make java available to all users, move the extracted java content to usr/local/java/ folder.

$ su
password: (type password of root user)
$ mkdir /opt/jdk
$ mv jdk-1.8.0_60 /opt/jdk/

Step 1.4 - Set path

To set path and JAVA_HOME variables, add the following commands to ~/.bashrc file.

export JAVA_HOME =/usr/jdk/jdk-1.8.0_60
export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin

Now apply all the changes into current running system.

$ source ~/.bashrc

Step 1.5 - Java Alternatives

Use the following command to change Java Alternatives.

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /opt/jdk/jdk1.8.0_60/bin/java 100

Step 1.6 − Now verify java using verification command (java -version) explained in Step 1.

Step 2 - ZooKeeper Framework Installation

Step 2.1 - Download ZooKeeper

To install ZooKeeper framework on your machine, visit the following link and download the latest version of ZooKeeper.


As of now, latest version of ZooKeeper is 3.4.6 (ZooKeeper-3.4.6.tar.gz).

Step 2.2 - Extract tar file

Extract tar file using the following command

$ cd opt/
$ tar -zxf zookeeper-3.4.6.tar.gz
$ cd zookeeper-3.4.6
$ mkdir data

Step 2.3 - Create Configuration File

Open Configuration File named conf/zoo.cfg using the command vi “conf/zoo.cfg” and all the following parameters to set as starting point.

$ vi conf/zoo.cfg

Once the configuration file has been saved successfully and return to terminal again, you can start the zookeeper server.

Step 2.4 - Start ZooKeeper Server

$ bin/zkServer.sh start

After executing this command, you will get a response as shown below −

$ JMX enabled by default
$ Using config: /Users/../zookeeper-3.4.6/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg
$ Starting zookeeper ... STARTED

Step 2.5 - Start CLI

$ bin/zkCli.sh

After typing the above command, you will be connected to the zookeeper server and will get the below response.

Connecting to localhost:2181
Welcome to ZooKeeper!
WatchedEvent state:SyncConnected type: None path:null
[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 0]

Step 2.6 - Stop Zookeeper Server

After connecting the server and performing all the operations, you can stop the zookeeper server with the following command −

$ bin/zkServer.sh stop

Now you have successfully installed Java and ZooKeeper on your machine. Let us see the steps to install Apache Kafka.

Step 3 - Apache Kafka Installation

Let us continue with the following steps to install Kafka on your machine.

Step 3.1 - Download Kafka

To install Kafka on your machine, click on the below link −


Now the latest version i.e., – kafka_2.11_0.9.0.0.tgz will be downloaded onto your machine.

Step 3.2 - Extract the tar file

Extract the tar file using the following command −

$ cd opt/
$ tar -zxf kafka_2. tar.gz
$ cd kafka_2.

Now you have downloaded the latest version of Kafka on your machine.

Step 3.3 - Start Server

You can start the server by giving the following command −

$ bin/kafka-server-start.sh config/server.properties

After the server starts, you would see the below response on your screen −

$ bin/kafka-server-start.sh config/server.properties
[2016-01-02 15:37:30,410] INFO KafkaConfig values:
request.timeout.ms = 30000
log.roll.hours = 168
inter.broker.protocol.version = 0.9.0.X
log.preallocate = false
security.inter.broker.protocol = PLAINTEXT

Step 4 - Stop the Server

After performing all the operations, you can stop the server using the following command −

$ bin/kafka-server-stop.sh config/server.properties

Now that we have already discussed the Kafka installation, we can learn how to perform basic operations on Kafka in the next chapter.