Apache Kafka - Installation Steps
Following are the steps for installing Java on your machine.
Step 1 - Verifying Java Installation
Hopefully you have already installed java on your machine right now, so you just verify it using the following command.
$ java -version
If java is successfully installed on your machine, you could see the version of the installed Java.
Step 1.1 - Download JDK
If Java is not downloaded, please download the latest version of JDK by visiting the following link and download latest version.http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html
Now the latest version is JDK 8u 60 and the file is “jdk-8u60-linux-x64.tar.gz”. Please download the file on your machine.
Step 1.2 - Extract Files
Generally, files being downloaded are stored in the downloads folder, verify it and extract the tar setup using the following commands.
$ cd /go/to/download/path $ tar -zxf jdk-8u60-linux-x64.gz
Step 1.3 - Move to Opt Directory
To make java available to all users, move the extracted java content to
$ su password: (type password of root user) $ mkdir /opt/jdk $ mv jdk-1.8.0_60 /opt/jdk/
Step 1.4 - Set path
To set path and JAVA_HOME variables, add the following commands to ~/.bashrc file.
export JAVA_HOME =/usr/jdk/jdk-1.8.0_60 export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin
Now apply all the changes into current running system.
$ source ~/.bashrc
Step 1.5 - Java Alternatives
Use the following command to change Java Alternatives.
update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /opt/jdk/jdk1.8.0_60/bin/java 100
Step 1.6 − Now verify java using verification command (java -version) explained in Step 1.
Step 2 - ZooKeeper Framework Installation
Step 2.1 - Download ZooKeeper
To install ZooKeeper framework on your machine, visit the following link and download the latest version of ZooKeeper.http://zookeeper.apache.org/releases.html
As of now, latest version of ZooKeeper is 3.4.6 (ZooKeeper-3.4.6.tar.gz).
Step 2.2 - Extract tar file
Extract tar file using the following command
$ cd opt/ $ tar -zxf zookeeper-3.4.6.tar.gz $ cd zookeeper-3.4.6 $ mkdir data
Step 2.3 - Create Configuration File
Open Configuration File named
conf/zoo.cfg using the command vi “conf/zoo.cfg” and all the following parameters to set as starting point.
$ vi conf/zoo.cfg tickTime=2000 dataDir=/path/to/zookeeper/data clientPort=2181 initLimit=5 syncLimit=2
Once the configuration file has been saved successfully and return to terminal again, you can start the zookeeper server.
Step 2.4 - Start ZooKeeper Server
$ bin/zkServer.sh start
After executing this command, you will get a response as shown below −
$ JMX enabled by default $ Using config: /Users/../zookeeper-3.4.6/bin/../conf/zoo.cfg $ Starting zookeeper ... STARTED
Step 2.5 - Start CLI
After typing the above command, you will be connected to the zookeeper server and will get the below response.
Connecting to localhost:2181 ................ ................ ................ Welcome to ZooKeeper! ................ ................ WATCHER:: WatchedEvent state:SyncConnected type: None path:null [zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 0]
Step 2.6 - Stop Zookeeper Server
After connecting the server and performing all the operations, you can stop the zookeeper server with the following command −
$ bin/zkServer.sh stop
Now you have successfully installed Java and ZooKeeper on your machine. Let us see the steps to install Apache Kafka.
Step 3 - Apache Kafka Installation
Let us continue with the following steps to install Kafka on your machine.
Step 3.1 - Download Kafka
To install Kafka on your machine, click on the below link −https://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi?path=/kafka/0.9.0.0/kafka_2.11-0.9.0.0.tgz
Now the latest version i.e., – kafka_2.11_0.9.0.0.tgz will be downloaded onto your machine.
Step 3.2 - Extract the tar file
Extract the tar file using the following command −
$ cd opt/ $ tar -zxf kafka_184.108.40.206.0.0 tar.gz $ cd kafka_220.127.116.11.0.0
Now you have downloaded the latest version of Kafka on your machine.
Step 3.3 - Start Server
You can start the server by giving the following command −
$ bin/kafka-server-start.sh config/server.properties
After the server starts, you would see the below response on your screen −
$ bin/kafka-server-start.sh config/server.properties [2016-01-02 15:37:30,410] INFO KafkaConfig values: request.timeout.ms = 30000 log.roll.hours = 168 inter.broker.protocol.version = 0.9.0.X log.preallocate = false security.inter.broker.protocol = PLAINTEXT ……………………………………………. …………………………………………….
Step 4 - Stop the Server
After performing all the operations, you can stop the server using the following command −
$ bin/kafka-server-stop.sh config/server.properties
Now that we have already discussed the Kafka installation, we can learn how to perform basic operations on Kafka in the next chapter.