What is the scope of variables in JavaScript

The scope of a variable is the region of your program in which it is defined. JavaScript variables have only two scopes.

  • Global Variables − A global variable has global scope which means it can be defined anywhere in your JavaScript code.
  • Local Variables − A local variable will be visible only within a function where it is defined. Function parameters are always local to that function.

Within the body of a function, a local variable takes precedence over a global variable with the same name. If you declare a local variable or function parameter with the same name as a global variable, you effectively hide the global variable.

You can try to run the following code to learn how to work with scope of variables in JavaScript:

   <body onload = checkscope();>
         var myVar = "global"; // Declare a global variable
         function checkscope( ) {
            var myVar = "local"; // Declare a local variable