7 Surprising Risk Factors For Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur when bacteria enter the bladder and pollute the urine system. Urinary tract infections may affect several parts of the urinary system. Having a UTI is more common in females than in males. The discomfort and anguish associated with a bladder-only ailment are well-known. But, if a UTI spreads to the kidneys, serious complications might arise.

Various UTI Types

  • Cystitis ( Bladder) − You might experience frequent urination or discomfort when you urinate. You may also experience cloudy or bloody urine and lower stomach discomfort.

  • Pyelonephritis (kidneys) − Your top back or side may hurt, and you could also get a temperature, a shiver, dizziness, and vomiting.

  • Urethritis (urethra) − When you urinate, this may result in a painful and stinging discharge.


Most UTIs result from the overgrowth of bacteria in the bladder, which occurs when bacteria enters the urinary system via the urethra. The urinary tract functions to prevent pathogens from entering the urine system. But, there are moments when the walls give way. This may lead to a serious urinary tract infection if bacteria are able to take root in the urinary tract. Most frequently affecting the bladder and urethra, UTIs primarily impact women.

  • Urinary contamination − Escherichia coli is commonly to blame for this form of UTI. (E. coli). The digestive tract frequently harbors a particular variety of bacteria called E. coli. The culprit can also occasionally be different microorganisms. Nevertheless, sexual action is not required to get a bladder infection; yet, having sexual relations with another person increases your risk of infection. Due to biological differences, all women are susceptible to bladder infections. In women, the urethra and the anus are quite close to one another. And the urethra is not far from the bladder. This decreases bacterial growth around the anus and makes it easier for germs in the urethra to enter the bladder.

  • Bladder being infected − When GI germs pass from the anus to the urethra, it can result in this kind of UTI. Sexually transmitted illnesses are another factor that can lead to urethra infection. They include herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and mycoplasma. The location of the urethra in a woman makes this a real option.


  • A searing sensation during urination

  • An intense desire to urinate that persists

  • Clear-looking, murky urine

  • Passing small quantities of urine frequently

  • Urine with a light pink, crimson, or cola hue indicates the presence of blood.

  • Pee that smells strongly

  • It is common for women to have discomfort in the central pelvis, close to the pubic bone.

Risk Factors

For females, UTIs are typical. In the course of their lives, many women get multiple UTIs. Women are more vulnerable to the following risk factors for UTIs −

  • Female physiology − The urethra is smaller among females than males. As a consequence, bacteria require shorter distances to get into the bladder.

  • Sexual behavior − More UTIs are typically caused by sexual activity. An additional danger factor is an unexpected intimate lover.

  • A few forms of fertility control − UTI risk could be increased by using diaphragms for reproductive control. Another danger factor is the use of spermicidal agents.

  • Urinary system issues − Infants who have problems with their urinary systems may have trouble peeing. Urinary tract infections may develop if pee accumulates in the bladder.

  • Obstructions in the renal system − Urine in the bladder can become trapped due to kidney stones or a swollen prostate. Therefore, there is a higher chance of UTIs.

  • Reduced immunological response − Diabetes and other disorders may damage the immune system, which is the body's primary defence against infectious germs. Due to this, the risk of acquiring a UTI may increase.

  • Using a catheter − Catheterization is frequently required for people who can't pee alone. UTIs are more likely when a tube is used. Hospital patients who need catheters can use them. People who are paralyzed or have neurological conditions that make it challenging to regulate urination may also use them.


  • For the benefit of your body, rid yourself of germs and consume a lot of water. Additionally, your doctor might prescribe you a painkiller. A heating cushion might be helpful for you.

  • Antibiotics are the most effective remedy for urinary tract infections if your doctor determines your need. Always remember to finish the entire course of medication recommended for you, even if you begin to feel better.

  • Cranberry juice is often suggested as a means to either prevent or treat urinary tract infections. The red fruit contains a tannin that may prevent the most common kind of UTI-causing bacteria, E. Coli, from sticking to the walls of the bladder and spreading illness. Yet, research has not shown that it substantially reduces infections.

  • Promising new vaccines, immune system enhancers, hormone replacement treatment for postmenopausal women, and other approaches to treating and preventing UTIs are also the focus of medical researchers.


Inferior urinary tract infections rarely result in complications when quickly and effectively handled. UTIs can, however, lead to severe health issues if they are not treated. They are −

  • If you've had two or more UTIs in the last six months, or three or more in the past year, you've got a recurrent infection. Women tend to have recurrent diseases more often than males.

  • Chronic kidney injury brought on by an untreated UTI.

  • Fetal distress caused by preterm or underweight delivery due to a urinary tract infection during pregnancy.

  • Constriction of the male urethra caused by repeated urethral infections.

  • A potentially dangerous infection complication is sepsis. This is a serious problem, especially if the infection spreads from the urinary tract to the kidneys.


  • Water is best to drink a lot. Water consumption encourages urinary dilution. Due to the increased frequency of urination that results, bacteria in the urinary system can be removed before an infection can start.

  • Consider drinking grape juice. The results of studies into the potential anti-UTI effects of cranberry juice are preliminary. Cranberry juice is probably safe to consume, though.

  • Front to back, wipe. When you've had a digestive movement and after you've urinated, do this. It helps prevent the spread of bacteria from the genital area to the anus and urethra.

  • Following intercourse, quickly empty your bladder. To help remove bacteria, also chug an entire container of water.

  • Don't use feminine products if you know they'll bother you. If applied in the genital area, they might cause irritation to the urethra. It includes things like sprays, granules, and even douches.

  • Modify your reproductive control strategy. The development of germs can be aided by diaphragms, unlubricated condoms, or condoms injected with spermicide.

Updated on: 31-Mar-2023


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