10 Surprising Early Signs of Dementia

When nerve cells in an individual's brain stop functioning, Dementia develops. It may impair their capacity for thought, memory, and reasoning.

Although it frequently occurs in elderly individuals, it is not a necessary aspect of aging. People's brains normally deteriorate as they age, but dementia patients experience this degeneration more quickly.

What are the different kinds of Dementia?

Different kinds of dementia affect individuals of various ages. Having a proper understanding of the different kinds will enable one to seek medical attention at the earliest.

Alzheimer’s Disease

One of the most common types is Alzheimer’s Disease. It can lead to loss of memory, trouble speaking properly, and impulsive behavior. Some other symptoms include changes in personality, trouble speaking properly, difficulty completing simple tasks, forgetting things, and difficulty making decisions.

The other kinds of Dementia are Lewy body dementia, Vascular disorders, Frontotemporal Dementia, Mixed Dementia, or a combination of types.

Lewy body Dementia

Lewy body dementia is often referred to as Dementia with Lewy bodies. Lewy bodies are protein accumulations that develop in nerve cells in the parts of the brain responsible for thought, memory, and movement.

Lewy body dementia causes a steady decline in mental abilities. Lewy body dementia patients may have visual hallucinations as well as disruptions in their attentiveness and focus. The signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease, such as tightening of the body muscles, delays in movement, trouble walking, and tremors, are additional effects of this kind of Dementia.

Frontotemporal Dementia

Frontotemporal dementia is a rare type of Dementia that affects both sides of the brain. It can lead to changes in behavior, language, or both in individuals.

An individual with Frontotemporal dementia experiences changes in personality, emotional changes, trouble speaking properly, difficulty organizing things, and trouble understanding sentences.

Vascular Disorders

Vascular illness (also known as vasculopathy) affects the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients throughout your body and remove waste from your cells.

Typical vascular problems are brought on by plaque, which is made up of fat and cholesterol that slows or obstructs blood flow in your arteries and veins. While making lifestyle changes can usually be beneficial, some people also need medication or surgery.

Atherosclerosis, Peripheral Artery Disease, Carotid Artery Disease, Pulmonary Embolism, Collagen Vascular Disease, and Cerebrovascular Disease is among the most common Vascular disorders affecting individuals.

10 early signs of Dementia

Listed below are the early signs that indicate that a person is developing Dementia. For the individual to receive medical attention, they need to experience two or more symptoms. It can be so severe that it is hampering their daily activities.

Loss of Memory

A common sign of this disease is memory loss. A person with dementia could have trouble remembering information they have just learned, and they might need the help of friends, family, or other memory aides to keep track of things.

As they become older, most people forget things more frequently. However, if their memory loss is age-related and not brought on by dementia, they can typically recall the details afterward.

Trouble Completing Regular Tasks

A person suffering from dementia could struggle to finish the chores they usually do. People could have trouble using a computer, brewing tea, changing the television's settings, or locating an area they are familiar with.

This difficulty with ordinary tasks could happen at home or the office.

Mood and Personality Changes

Mood changes and shifts in personality are common characteristics of Dementia patients. For instance, kids might start acting cranky, sad, frightened, or restless.

Additionally, they might behave inappropriately or become more uninhibited.

Faces Difficulty in Solving Problems

Dementia patients may find it difficult to follow step-by-step plans. For instance, it can be problematic to follow a recipe while cooking or driving.

Additionally, solving problems may become more difficult, such as when adding up amounts to pay bills.

Getting Confused About time and Places

For a person with dementia, determining time is a cumbersome task. Also possible is the possibility of forgetting one's location, route, and purpose.

Struggling with dates and having a tough time understanding past and future events are also symptoms of Dementia.

Misplacing Things

A person with dementia might experience difficulty recalling where they put everyday items like a phone, wallet, keys, or TV remote control. Being frustrated by lost belongings can make someone accuse others of stealing.

Speech and Writing Problems

A person with dementia could have trouble conversing. It could be difficult to start a discussion with them since they might forget what they are saying or what someone else has said.

Additionally, individuals could observe a change in their grammar, punctuation, and spelling. The handwriting might occasionally get more challenging to read.

Problems in Dealing with Visual Information

For someone with dementia, visual information can be challenging. People can find simple tasks like reading, analyzing distances, and differentiating between colors challenging.

Those who typically drive or ride bicycles could start to find these activities difficult. Traveling to familiar places could result in them getting lost.

Poor Decision-making Quality

Dementia might make it challenging for a person to comprehend what is just and reasonable. As a result, they might pay more for items they purchase or even buy unwanted things.

Some dementia patients are also less conscious of their appearance or personal hygiene.

Withdrawing From Social Interactions

Dementia patients sometimes lose interest in interacting socially at home and work.

They could become reclusive, avoid social interaction, and fail to pay attention while others are talking with them. Additionally, they can quit engaging in pastimes, sports, or social activities.


Anyone who encounters one of these signs or locates them in a loved one should consult a doctor immediately.

It is a misconception that as people grew old, their cognitive abilities constantly deteriorate. While some degree of forgetfulness may be normal with aging, if symptoms start to interfere with daily activities, they may be very crucial. Cognitive decline symptoms could indicate dementia or another ailment for which medical care is available.

Although there is currently no treatment for dementia, a doctor can assist in managing the symptoms and limiting the ailment's progression. It can elevate the person's standard of living.

Updated on: 21-Feb-2023


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