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iopl() - Unix, Linux System Call
iopl - change I/O privilege level
int iopl(int level);
iopl() changes the I/O privilege level of the current process, as specified in
This call is necessary to allow 8514-compatible X servers to run under
Linux. Since these X servers require access to all 65536 I/O ports, the
ioperm() call is not sufficient.
In addition to granting unrestricted I/O port access, running at a higher
I/O privilege level also allows the process to disable interrupts. This
will probably crash the system, and is not recommended.
Permissions are inherited by
The I/O privilege level for a normal process is 0.
This call is mostly for the i386 architecture.
On many other architectures it does not exist or will always
return an error.
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and
errno is set appropriately.
level is greater than 3.
This call is unimplemented.
The calling process has insufficient privilege to call
CAP_SYS_RAWIO capability is required.
iopl() is Linux specific and should not be used in processes
intended to be portable.
Libc5 treats it as a system call and has a prototype in
<unistd.h>. Glibc1 does not have a prototype. Glibc2 has a prototype both in
<sys/io.h> and in
<sys/perm.h>. Avoid the latter, it is available on i386 only.