Tutorials Point


  Unix for Beginners
  Unix Shell Programming
  Advanced Unix
  Unix Useful References
  Unix Useful Resources
  Selected Reading

Copyright © 2014 by tutorialspoint



  Home     References     Discussion Forums     About TP  

getrusage() - Unix, Linux System Call


previous next AddThis Social Bookmark Button


Advertisements

NAME

getrusage - get resource usage

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

int getrusage(int who, struct rusage *usage);

DESCRIPTION

getrusage() returns current resource usages, for a who of either RUSAGE_SELF or RUSAGE_CHILDREN. The former asks for resources used by the current process, the latter for resources used by those of its children that have terminated and have been waited for.

struct rusage {
    struct timeval ru_utime; /* user time used */
    struct timeval ru_stime; /* system time used */
    long   ru_maxrss;        /* maximum resident set size */
    long   ru_ixrss;         /* integral shared memory size */
    long   ru_idrss;         /* integral unshared data size */
    long   ru_isrss;         /* integral unshared stack size */
    long   ru_minflt;        /* page reclaims */
    long   ru_majflt;        /* page faults */
    long   ru_nswap;         /* swaps */
    long   ru_inblock;       /* block input operations */
    long   ru_oublock;       /* block output operations */
    long   ru_msgsnd;        /* messages sent */
    long   ru_msgrcv;        /* messages received */
    long   ru_nsignals;      /* signals received */
    long   ru_nvcsw;         /* voluntary context switches */
    long   ru_nivcsw;        /* involuntary context switches */
};

RETURN VALUE

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

ERRORS

TagDescription
EFAULT usage points outside the accessible address space.
EINVAL who is invalid.

CONFORMING TO

SVr4, 4.3BSD. POSIX.1-2001 specifies getrusage(), but only specifies the fields ru_utime and ru_stime.

NOTES

Including <sys/time.h> is not required these days, but increases portability. (Indeed, struct timeval is defined in <sys/time.h>.)

In Linux kernel versions before 2.6.9, if the disposition of SIGCHLD is set to SIG_IGN then the resource usages of child processes are automatically included in the value returned by RUSAGE_CHILDREN, although POSIX.1-2001 explicitly prohibits this. This non-conformance is rectified in Linux 2.6.9 and later.

The above struct was taken from 4.3BSD Reno. Not all fields are meaningful under Linux. In linux 2.4 only the fields ru_utime, ru_stime, ru_minflt, and ru_majflt are maintained. Since Linux 2.6, ru_nvcsw and ru_nivcsw are also maintained.

SEE ALSO



previous next Printer Friendly

Advertisements


  

Advertisements